Worldwide iconographic relations of Medusa to Kali, Kirthimukha, KaliMukha and Chaupiñamca, Coatlicue, Melusine

Observation made by Stijn van den Hoven

KaliMukha, Kirthimukha (temple faces) are identical to the Medusa and Kali imagery and seen in many other cultures as well as a fanged monster, mostly associated with serpents or serpent hair. We even see the same karakter back in the Chavin culture, with fangs, snake hair and recognizable earrings. In meso american art she is either Coatlicue,  daughter Coyolxauhqui (moon godess with brother Huitzilopochtli, sun ) or Chaupiñamca

Dominant inconographic features are:

  • Tongue sticking out
  • Wide spread fish tails like provoking open  legs of a women. These fishtails we see back in Kirtimukha face where the eyes are the boobs.
  • Necklace of hands and skulls or garland of hands and skulls,
  • Fangs like a monster
  • Snake legs or Snake hair, Snake skirt, Devouring Snakes
  • Medusa is sometimes flanked by lions as seen on temple freeze, which could relate her to the mother godess, potnia theron. There are gorgon images in potnia theron symbolism as seen in above plate.

Either depicted as a monster above doorways or in temple art, earth mother godess that devours all.  I suspect this is a metaphor for time itself devouring creation. It later transformed into the Siren symbolism and mother godess fertoilty moon and night symbolism. Kali is all devouring time.

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