No it was not a tomb or let me rephrase, “not only” a tomb. It was not ” the easiest way to make a tall building” as often argued by people, why we see pyramids across the globe.
The concept of “the pyramid”, or (primordial) mountain of the gods, whether it was home to the Ben Ben bird or the later Olympiad on mount Olympus, Yahweh on mount Zion, or the Indian mount Meru, like the great pyramid, never went away in history. Instead the concept morphed into different expressions of form across cultures and different “religions”. Everything was recycled old wine in new flasks.
This concept of the “mountain of the gods” has played a great role in worldly cultures and religions together with the “world tree” and “pillar of heaven”. It just evolved in different cultures and religions loosing its meaning and the relations between these cultures over time to the people who practice the individual “religions”. Ultimately all their expressions of culture was centered around the same concepts. These concepts were related to astronomy, the rotation of the skies and eternal creation itself. Hence if one is looking for similarities between cultures one will not find it in the expression of their forms, but in the underlying astronomical concepts they are expressing.
The cardinal alignments of Egyptian temples (and later churches and religious buildings) was not by chance. It directly related to the heavens. The later architectural ability to make domes, translated into the Pantheon as the vault of heaven, later surpassed by the dome of the vatican and reused in the design of many churches and mosques after that. The vault of the sky, the arch of heaven. Where “god is”. The universe and source of creation itself at the seat of center of the milky way, or the pole star where the skies revolve around.
How the catholic church recycled an astronomical allegory
A symbolic fictional narrative that conveys a meaning not explicitly set forth in the narrative.
A Story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning.
Like the story of Hercules and its 12 labors, Christianity is also, an astronomical allegory. Old and new testament. Like the cross is a symbol for the pillar of heaven with the ecliptic band and the 12 apostles, the 12 constellations, the 4 main evangelist, the 4 corners of the zodiac if one understands the used symbolism. Situated perfectly at the 4 corners, they are Leo, Taurus, Aquarius and Scorpio (Eagle was the old sign associated with Scorpio) The Altar itself containing the 4 pillars of heaven in its design.
Every year in spring, Jezus, as Orion “died and resurected on the cross”. The church just recycled the previous allegory and then accepted “religion” of Hercules, the son of Zeus, and its 12 labors and made it Jezus the son of god. In ancient Babylonian time the constellation of Orion was called “the true shepherd of Anu”. Is it starting to make sense now?
I deliberately placed the statue that holds a torch and not his traditional club here. As Orions club becomes a Torch when the sun hits its tip. This is the origin of the Torch in symbolism and the torchbearer runners in the olympics. “Every year the torch is passed on to the next skyrunner.”
“Hercules defeated the Hydra” is just another way of saying: Due to the rotation of the skies, the constellation of Orion replaced the constellation of Hydras and thus it became spring. The 180 degree opposite constellation, to “make spring”. This never went completely away. It just became St. Michael and the dragon. The medieval church is the modern version of the pyramid, or mount Meru.
On its “peak” we still find Hercules defeating the Hydra. Only now its called St. Michael. Note it solar crown.
Not only that, the peak also holds a perfect octagon, with 8 dragons pointing to the 8 directions of the compass. I explained the world wide dragon symbolism on religious buildings in my previous article.
Or look at Venice at St. Mark square.
St. Michael and the dragon, George and the dragon, Hercules and the Hydra, it is all the same. Depicting the rotation of the skies in 1 image.
However one important fact here is overlooked.
Our modern star chart has two snakes. One, Ophicius defeating the snake. Orions 180 degree counter part, depicting as a male wresttling a snake, one foor on scorpio.
Secondly, Virgo and the snake, with the lion.
One snake is related to the male, the other to the female.
This is the reason we see two pillars at St. Marco square in Venice. The “two snakes”, or this particular astronomical concept as such, as discussed in my other article, are here depicted if you understand what you are looking at.
Often the hero defeating the dragon is a stand alone motif. Yet at Venice, we see its relation to the other pillar, or, other snake if you wish. These are no different then the two pillars of freemasonry, or the two pillars at King Solomons temple. Its pure astronomy depicted in sculpture.
The concept of the male and female side of the zodiac translates in architecture into the pillar of heaven and the dome. We see this combination not only in Venice, but also at the vatican with its obelisk and domed building and even at the capitol building in Washington.
Square and compass are metaphores for square and circle, the male and female concepts. As can be seen in early depictions of Fuxi and Nuwa. This is where the true origin of the square and compass allegory lies. The star / zodiac reference is obvious when pointed out. It is Adam and Eve. Orion and Virgo respectively or Maria and Jezus.
The union of male and female, is creation. This is nothing new. It can also be seen Candi Suku in Java. The “dome and the pillar”
Or in cup form, the holy grail.
The two sides of the Zodiac
Its the Autumn and Winter season versus the spring and summer seasons or the two halves of the zodiac, just like the Aztecs depicted the two snakes on their calendar stone or on Chichen Itza. There are allways two, a “bad” one and a “good one” A dark one and a light one. Just like Ying and Yang which is just another Asian representation of the same concept.
The reason why the winged Lion takes preference in Venice iconography and we only see the hero and the dragon at the pillars, is because its the side of the Zodiac that was responsible for spring and summer. It was Virgo who later as Maria, gave “birth to Jezus” An immaculate conception, a virgin birth indeed, as constellations and stars don’t fornicate. For this reason Adam was born from clay as he rose from the horizon/earth, and Eve created from his rib. (club) as the skies rotated. The tree in the garden of Eden the age old metaphore of the tree of life. The snake, well that should be clear by now where that came from. The lion was the guardian at the garden of eden so they “couldnt go back”. The stars keep turning in 1 direction only. They were “expelled from the garden of eden” spring and summer by the snake. The apples a link to the golden apples of the hesperides. They ate from the sun. Apple computers cleverly used this as their logo.
I conjure that this was the reason we see a “great sphinx at Giza”. It emphasizes the “good side” or “good half” of the zodiac. The Giza plateau is literally a book in stone. It is indeed a “hall of records” . It depicts the concepts of astronomy in its core designs. Tefnut, the old name of the sphinx is female. Its Virgo and the lion. One has to see everything in astronomical contexts. Just like they were astronomers.
Let me go across the Atlantic and look at the Mayas again. No “sphinxes” there, but we do find the Jaguar.
Mayan and Egyptian and “priest” Magi, or rather astronomers, were dressed in leopard skins (Not jaguars as they are black), something that can still be seen in African countries chiefs today. The leopard with its spots the sky with its stars. This literal “golden fleece” became the later Nemean lion skin of Hercules. The ram of Jason and the argonauts also had it due to the solar relation of Aries as a spring constellation at the time.
The leopard skin was directly related to the stars and sky. The cult of the lion, the sphinx, leo, jaguar or rather leopard. Therefor, one can ask themselves the question, was the sphinx really a lion or perhaps originally another feline, a leopard with spots instead, just like the Egyptian priest wore leopard clothes not lion clothes.
It was the leopard initially not the lion, that was equated with the starry skies due to its spotted skin and that specific relation travelled across the world.
The cosmic pair made it across cultures, in india for example in the forms of Shiva and Durga. The clues where there respective animals. Bull for Taurus/Orion and lion for Leo/Virgo no different to “Adam and Eve”.
Meru and the rotation of the skies
Every single “religion” was ultimately based on the stars and the rotation of the skies, time and creation itself. From King Solomons temple, with its menorah or tree of life inside, to modern free masonry. The sun and the moon, male and female, day and night.
It was Virgo, Cybele, the great mother, or Maria if you wish, that “created new life” after winter. The opposites are depicted as sun and moon, day and night, male and female. But they are also the two halves of the sky, that take turns in the seasons.
Just like the lion has a place on one of the pillars of Venice. For this reason, the sphinx is often depicted as being female in later expressions of art. It was the “good side” of the zodiac. One of the snakes, the bad side, the devil
For this reason the later athena, was depicted also with her “good snake” but in fact there are two.
Cybele with her lions, also again a relation to Leo and Virgo. The pillar of heaven on the Mycenean fortress flanked by lions. Not decorative. Astronomy.
Looking at the Etruscan tombs, we find the leopard there also. Now not with a pillar but with its other metaphore, the tree of life. Its symbolism is identical to the Mycenean pillar above. It shows that the “sky” Jaguar as such, was not only a Meso American symbol and used there, but also in the Mediteranean in Egypt and In Italy.
The Primordial mountain
The Primordial mountain, was adopted by many other later religions as a metaphor for a mountain with constellations (gods) on top that ultimately was a clock to use for agriculture and expressing the concept of time. Together with the metaphore of the “tree of life” another key element of many religions in many different cultural expressions and forms, from Bodhi tree to Zeus tree to the Menorah found in the Jewish temple, to the ceiba tree in the mayan temple of the cross.
These astronomical concepts were later “sold to the public” . allegorical stories that are only understood if you understand their origins in astronomy. The temples, stone circles and pyramids functioned as observatories of the seasons and was in cases of pyramids or mountainous buildings, the expression of primordial mountain with on top the rotation of the skies.
After the pyramid came the Aketh facade, having the 3 distinguished parts availlable in its design with two base towers either side for the summer and winter solstice respectively and the center for the equinox or solstice, what ever the culture placed emphasis on.
In later Greek temples, the pyramid or “mountain” was the 2d triangle incorporated as the Tympanum. Vastly decorated edges on tops of gods and scenes.
An even later version was the pantheon, that incorporated for the first time the dome of the sky perfectly mimicking the heavenly vault. It was stripped bare from all its gods statues and decorations by the catholic church, who melted it to make the altar in the Vatican. There is no better display of power then that by crushing the old “religion” and using its remnants to make it into the new. Many Churches or mosques are build on older temples or religious sites, even pyramids, as we can see in Cholula Mexico and other places.
The other metaphore for the sky, the tree of life, was placed as palm pediment on top on earlier Greek and Roman temples.
Then churches and mosques followed using the dome as the ultimate representation of the skies. An example ofcourse the vatican, still rocking the pediment with the adition of the dome for the sky. Pay attention to the 2 smaller side domes creating a “virtual pyramid”
Inside the “new dome of Rome” now the 12 apostels for the 12 zodiacal constellations, the 4 main evangelist symbols clearly a link to the 4 original corners of the Zodiac (Bull, Lion, Man(aquarius) and Eagle (the old sign for Scorpio) , The priest heralded the age of Pisces, the fish Jezus symbol. The Vatican itself was build on an earlier site of a temple to the mother godess Cybele. One of her symbols was a pine tree. Can we see this ancient symbolism carried over in the vatican? Yes we can, its the Pigna plaza, where we see the pinecone, the fruit of the evergreen pine. Although the grouping of artefacts comes from different cultures and time period, its composition as such refer to the Byzantine depiction of the tree of life, with two lions, two birds and the tree or pillar of life in the middle, topped by the sky dome. Placed here below each other one can clearly see the intent of this composition.
The cross itself is a stylized tree of life, or pillar of heaven with ecleptic path on top as displated in the mayan temple of the cross. The foliated cross, is the 4 cross sections of the sky merged with a tree metaphore. All below religous Metaphores and expressions are related to one other. Even the most recent interpretation of good and evil, summer and winter, is in George Lucas Force tree, in the fictional temple of the Jedi in the Star wars series. The eternal “battle” between light and darkness or summer and winter in opposites.
The concept of the pyramid, or rather, the primordial mountain, made it all the way to mediaval churches and the temple complex Angkor Watt in Cambodia, where the building itself literally is a metaphore for the universe and a solar clock in 1. The whole building depicts the scene of churning the milky ocean.
Later temples/churches became a merging of tree, pillar of heaven and primordial mountain concepts. Its solar origins still visible in the rose window.
The 3 doors or triangle arrangement or tree towers as seen on Angkor Wat or the Vatican as two smaller domes with a large dome and in churches as entrance doors indicated the season. Note how the towers of Angkor Wat are like the church doors of catholic churches. Summer Solstice, Spring/Autumn Equinox and winter solstice.
This observation was fundamental in 3 being such an important number, or, the pyramid as such a building that would be able to “read these changes of the stars over the seasons” The Triptych door designs or 3 towers, 2 towers, is in fact, a solar clock.
Even the Pantheon had 3 niches. A triangular pyramid , 3 doors, or 3 temple towers is a solar clock that can mark the rising of the sun on the horizon hence indicating the seasons. If one strips the top facade one “is left with the 3 towers of Angkor Watt.” The same solar principles are applied.
The pyramid as such has endured the ravages of time, not only as a building in Egypt, but being at the core of religions worldwide.
The world turtle carrying mount Meru
Even in modern churches like the Sagrada Familia, we see the symbolism of the turtle carrying the world mountain or pillar. This concept is of Indian origin pointing to Kurma the turtle carrying mount Meru. Hence again pointing out the relation of churches are the modern mount Meru. The cross design in itself is a link to the pillar of heaven with the ecliptic, as seen also in the stylized tree of the temple of the foliated cross. It are metaphors in stone of creation, time and the rotation of the skies. Its for this reason churches are build in cross shape, not because a imaginary figure like Jezus was nailed to a cross. No it was spring constellation Orion who died on the celestial cross every year, or “the maize god” in the Mayan allegory.
There are overlaps with my other article but the turtle is note mentioning here as well. I might merge the two articles into 1 one day.
This world turtle, carrying the pillar of heaven, like Kurma in India, was also seen in Java, where turtle altars where in front of a temple build in Candi Sukuh. Turtles where found in Cambodia under temples and turtle are also seen in Meso America in from of temples. I dont want to divert to much but More information on this can be found here:
It is no secret that since the winged sundisk or BenBen bird later skygods also adopted the bird. The eagle was the bird of Zeus and Jupiter, Garuda the bird of Vishnu, but also cultures in the Americas there was a “bird in top of the tree” The skygod and bird where complementary to each other. It is important to note that not only the bird was part of this symbolism but also since ancient times, two snakes around the winged sundisk. This “pillar of heaven” tree symbolism turned in the later bird holding the caduceus as can be seen in Baalbeks entrance.
Also on King Tuts shrine we see a bird and the two Ouroboros snakes. Again this is also discussed in my other article.
So this bird on top of a pyramid with snakes do we see this kind of in the new world. Yes. We also see this exact symbolism in the new world on a few notable occasions. Namely the totempole of Native American indians.
Besides The obvious bird and double snake symbolism, the basic shape of a cross is also visible. The snakes are the ecliptic, just as we can see the double snakes on King Pakals tomblid.
The bird on top of the world tree is visible, as is the double serpent bar on a cross shaped world tree. This is no different in symbolism then the Garuda bird clutching its snakes., Jupiter carrying the caduceus or the earlier totempole.
The Mayan priest, like Egyptian priest besides leopard skins, also dressed in bird feathers mimicking this celestial sky god bird on top of the tree (or on top of the pyramid). The abodes of the priest where this very tops of pyramids. Like the gods of the Greeks, they lived on mount Olympus as gods. What about the snake symbolism. Well, that was on the temples and pyramids in the shaped of snake balustrades on Asian and Mayan temples. All together they formed the classic image of Gods or a supreme sky bird god on mount Meru. The priest and kings / ruling class adopted this symbolism and lived in it across continents in various forms of the same cultural expressions. Either a god carrying snakes, or lightning bolts like Viracocha were all this supreme god being.
However to understand and acknowledge these apparent relations, one must first acknowledge that this particular symbolism did spread worldwide across ancient cultures, evolved in different temples and forms and that these are no “coincidence” or “they came up with same ideas as birds in trees are common.” or ” A pyramid is the only way to build a tall building in ancient times.
No, eventually they were all expressions of the same astrology , the observation of seasons and the skies that ancient seafarers used. to navigate using the stars for cultures further apart. One can expand this with many more examples, llike “a modern mount Meru” or “pillar of heaven” ,” the Rockefeller building, with its church like tryptich arranged doors seen in many temples and churches as other researchers have pointed out. Yet the why they used this symbolism was not answered by them in relation to astronomy.
Identical symbolism was adopted across the globe for religious buildings and key government buildings and churches, with cardinal allignments, tree of lifes in the temple as a menorah, in front of a temple in the form of a bodhi tree, or in cross like shaped buildings like churches.
it all was old wine in new flasks. What we are left with today is an variety of expressions of the same concepts that, seemingly are from different cultures who have differently named gods and thus seem “non related” or “seperate cultures” “seperate religions” . At first glance, there is a non apparent relation between them, unless one understands the underlying symbolism that is used. Then one can “read” these expressions, understand the pillars at Venice, possibly the sphinx and other expressions of art.
One would see that there is no difference between Angkor Watt, a Mayan pyramid, a Church, an Asian temple or any other temple that was ever dedicated to god or was holy regardless of what culture made it and in what end form. If one can look besides the initial visual differences one can find a golden thread to their meaning, regardless of culture, time or location. That golden thread is astronomy. One must look at things as an astronomer, not an antrhopologist or archeologist that has no notion of the sky. Its like a librarian trying to understand a car. You have to be a mechanic.
When its Christmas. please put up your christmass pine tree. Only know you know you are putting an allegorical model of the universe in your house. A tree of life.
If you are Jewish, worship that Menorah in your temple or home, as its the same.
If you were Mayan, worship that Ceiba tree as its the same
If you were a Buddhist, worship the Bodhi tree, as its the same.
If you are Christian, worship the cross and your christmass tree, as it is the same, but your bible, that contains two astronomical allegories, the answer understanding it is up in the sky. Even Leonardo knew that when making the last supper, using the Triptych and also grouping the 12 apostels in groups of 3 for the 4 seasons. Even this, is an astronomical depiction.
He even left a clue. Just like the Sphinx left a clue by looking at the sun and the constellations on the horizon. The answer could be found by looking up.