The diffusion of religion

Stijn Cornelis van den Hoven


To my parents, who raised and supported me. Who let free to explore other cultures, choose my own religion and by doing so initiated a quest to understand the concept of god and learn about the the root of religion and how the whole world relates to each other yet in changed forms.

The brightest star in the northern hemisphere, the constellation of Bootes, the farmer: حارس السħāris al-samā‘ “the keeper/guardian of heaven”.or حارس الشمال ħāris al-shamāl’ “the keeper/guardian of north”,



Origin / Root of religions

Relations, diffusion and evolution of worldly religions: Different representations forms based on a shared symbolism.

Astronomy and constellations, sumerian trinity(Pole deity Anu/ South skies Deity / north skies deity )
The root bull male and the lion female consorts, Ptah and Sekmeth

No photo description available.

This book hypothises that religions worldwide shared a common origin and symbollism. It discovers that the basis of all religions is found in astronomy, diluted over the ages into personified prophet, saint and deity worship with only faint clues remaining its true origins. Identifying their similarities and decoding these shows that globally these beliefs share a common source and use identical symbolism to express it through specific symbolic expressions.

Compiled in 2020, but over many years of research, using the world wide internet as the main source of study. Regular websites but even facebook posts and groups but mainly many visual images, to create a visual mindmap, to compare the different expressions of form in relation to these to one other, combined with specific books the author purchased that touched individual specifics.

The author has no formal academic qualifications on the subject of this book, besides an unrelated art bachelor degree but has been self taught to understand the subject of religions worldwide.

Challenges are that the mind works in 3 dimensional nodes, pockets of understanding that are linked like a 3d map that links data in all dimensions. How does one trransfer such a complex network of relations when a reader maybe only has a small network compared to the authors years of study.

A book is very linear, does not link externally to other sources besides primitive footnotes. Works of others, that require effort and funds to find and verify the other sources that are linked to it. This is also ussualy based on what others have written before. Fresh works of the mind has a hard time as there are no earlier validations or mentions.

Therefor this is not a traditional academic work as such, compiled with footnotes and references, citing, elaborating on, or discussing others work. Although such works give you plenty of other references to read, they do not seek to go to far out of the current status quo, or do not generally make suggestions that go directly against it, for fear of loss of academic reputation, wether personal or the for the affiliated institution the degree was obtained from. The author has no such qualifications and associations and can thus present his work freely.

Due to my upbringing a quest embarked to understand the concept of God. The author realized there were many forms of religion, many extinct from cultures long gone and some recent ones only a few centuries old all using their own temples, books and god(s). By analyzing and comparing them and studying their visual forms the author started to see similarities across the globe. The author could see there were cultural relations, regardless of their apparent initial individuality, race or continent and explain why they had certain forms or visual expressions. This would go directly against a belief that such cultures globally developed without contact or independently and therefor this is a diffusionism work.

The issue for not acknowledging that these cultures and religions are related, is that all of them use their own visual style and appearance and thus the relation is not evident to the untrained eye. Egyptian cultural style is indeed very different to Roman, Indian, Chinese or Mayan style. if one can understand the underlying concepts and looks closely, there are relations, that shows in their expression of form of such “religious” symbolism.

To the author it has become clear that ancient cultures did not completely develop independently. They where influenced by each other., diffused globally in the ages of civilized man and then lost contact with each other to develop their own styles of it. Hence these relations show in symbolism and forms, not the style.

Near identical form for particular higher cultural or religious concepts that are related to astronomy can be found across the globe and make cultures that at first thought they where individual see they share similar concepts with others worldwide. One need to understand it to be able to read it. In this way a building or visual image can be read as a book.

If the people would be thought this relation, the origin and the symbolism of their religion it would enlighten them all instead of proclaiming their god or religion is better than others or separate themselves into particular groups. There would be no different religions, temples, mosques or churches but there would be 1 common understanding to the root of their cultures, religions and the very origin of the concept of God. In essence, ireligion is worship of the universe itself, captured in the personification of the constellations, lunar mansions and the stars and their movement, dilluted to a single man in the sky controlling everything, controlled by priests and other so called “holy men” for earthly gains and control.

Besides race and exterior appearance, different religion itself and their cultural expressions of form or customs, is what made man separate from each other. It;s where wars where fought for as my god or religion, with certain customs is better and more important or truth full than yours. So much that its worth killing for in the name of their god.

One common denominator of many religions seems to be morales and values: 7 deadly sins and 7 virtues, 10 commandments,. The Ten Perfections and Ten Fetters, the Three Root Poisons and the Three Pillars of the Dharma. Also the Four Taints, and the Five Strengths and Five Hindrances..

The buildings, temples and churches however, have allways have been an allegorical representations of the universe, or eternal creation and destruction itself.

In the authors opinion, their should be no religious laws, customs, dress code, restrictions and suppression specific to sex, non education or exploitation for power as that is not good for the unity of mankind, it merely creates division among man. A temple as such should be educational for generations to come afterwards, not presenting veiled fairy tales to people or install a fear of an imaginary god in them. With the right funds, tools and education, a true temple can be made as an ode to the universe instilling virtues and good conduct onto future mankind.

The early religions of worship of nature and the primordial mountain,

  • Pyramids and their capstones. BenBen mount with Bennu bird and mount Meru,
  • Pyramids, and their possible relations to volcanoes
  • Agriculture and pastoralism, flail and shepherds crook

The god(s) on the mountain

  • Mount olympus , Zion, Meru and the god(s) on top of it Jaweh, Shiva etc
  • Pyramidal capstones and solar symbolism
  • The priests, dressed as birds on top of Mayan pyramids
  • The worship of the sun and moon and the constellations for navigations.
  • The later Egyptian temple facade, Aketh

The babylonian constellations and their gods,

  • The holy Trinity, Sections of the sky. The sons of Anu, Enki/Enlil occupying northern and southern band respectively.
  • The main god around the pole, the prototype for Santa Claus living on the north pole
  • Chinese astronomy, the pole area the site of the palace of the emperor.
  • Enkidu and Gilgamesh as possible prototype for the saint and the devil. / Saint and Krampus.
  • Orion being the true shepherd of Anu, “Isus Trikanda”, the 3 headed spear, the later prototype for Jesus

The Bird

  • Evolution and symbolism of the winged Solardisk,
  • the bird as heavenly sky symbol
  • The bird as skygod with snakes in its talons.
  • 1st dynasty the earliest representation of Horus and the snake. Horus was there before the winged sundisk.
  • The temple of Hatsepshut and the temple it was inspired by, the first snake temple ballustrades.
  • Eagle/Falcon/bird and Sun symbolism: Falcon, winged Egyptian sundisk,
  • Thunderbird on totempole
  • Eagle / Jupiters eagle on baalbek
  • Garuda,
  • Eagle, dove, into a personified sun sky god (viracocha and his snakes)
  • the caduceus.
  • Kirthimukha, the temple face

Aketh and Aker

  • Its position on benben stones and the great pyramid
  • The two lions yesterday and tomorrow and the now.
  • Aker deciphered

The world turtle

  • Kurma and mount Meru
  • Chinesese Bixi turtle, its symbolism and its dragons
  • Relations in meso american art
  • Under European obelisks
  • Turtle usage in relation to temples in Java and Meso America
  • Sagrada Familia

The club, torch and vase with fire

  • Holy fire temples, Agni, Caral, worship of light and the sun
  • The torch symbolism of the olympics
  • The torch taking the place of the tree/heavenly pillar with sundisk on top.
  • The statue of liberty or Colosus of Rhodes
  • Orions club that becomes a torch
  • Stealing the fire of the gods, rockefellers statue torch / Prometheus and nataraja flame
  • Orions club, the torch bearer
  • Torch of castor and pollux
  • Nuwros, candles and bonfires, the return of the light

The lion

  • The lion
  • A golden fleece
  • Sekmeth
  • Durga and other female godesses like brittania and others as symbol of virgo
  • The lions of aker
  • The temple lions
  • The lions at the tree of life
  • The lions of heraldy

The bull

  • Ptah
  • The bull of the storm gods
  • Shiva
  • Orion

The Snake, snakes or dragons

  • Winged solardisk
  • Eagle with snakes
  • Man holding snakes
  • Temple with snake ballustrades
  • Chinese dragons and the flaming pearl
  • Mayan calender
  • the evolution of the winged solardisk into the caduceus into the bishops staff (Mayan snakes),
  • The intertwined snakes on the mayan ballcourt
  • Crossier of bishops
  • Lunar nodes, rahy Ketu ,eclipses and devouring the sun, ecliptic,
  • Snakes on temple ballustrades, (bali Maya, egypt)
  • Dragons on ships and dragons on churches.
  • The double snakes or staff deity and master of the animals.
  • The figures in dragons/makaras mouth
  • Snake mount Ohio
  • The snake iconography on indian temples
  • The Makara
  • The milkyway
  • The roman Lares
  • Pompei bracelet
  • The makara bracelet
  • Draco at the pole, little bear its wings
  • Hydra, under virgo, athenas snake, virgo and lion
  • Ophiucius
  • Rahu and Ketu, the lunar nodes
  • Eclipses The union of the sun and the moon., The snake that swallowed the sun.
  • The snake in the tree as the devil, seducing eve (virgo)
  • Kukulcan, the vision serpent
  • The snake audience hall of the pope
  • Yang energy

The bird

  • Egypt , Horus and Wadjet evolved from the winged sundisk
  • The bird in the tree
  • Sumeria, Stormbird Anzu and the “bird” on the tree of life
  • India, Garuda
  • Greece, Zeus Eagle
  • Native american indians, Thunderbird
  • Mayas, Principal bird deity
  • Roman empire, Roman Eagle, later the dove.
  • Nazi Germany, Nazi eagle over solar swastika
  • United States, American Eagle
  • Mexico, Eagle on cactus
  • China, The phoenix and the dragon or two dragons
  • The totem pole

The gryphon

  • Combination animal of the lion and bird/eagle figure, guardian of the tree of life

The Pillar(s) (of heaven)

  • Obelisks
  • Mycenean pillar symbolism or sacred tree lions worldwide,
  • The relation between the sky pillar and tree.
  • Lycean tombs and iconography
  • Asherah

The tree of life

  • Sumeria – The Palm tree
  • Temple trees,
  • World tree
  • The symbolic universe,
  • The Christmass tree, the evergreen tree as symbol for the cosmos
  • Zeus tree,
  • Bodhi tree
  • Mayan tree,
  • Menorah
  • The palmette
  • Pigna plaza, a Byzantyne tree of life symbolic arrangement.
  • Menorah
  • Star wars the force tree
  • The symbolism used in relation to the tree, Lion, bird, gryphons
  • Pigna Square at the vatican

The hero and the dragon theme across culture

Temples to the universe

  • Astronomy
  • Calenders and observatories of the universe
  • Hieros Gamos. Kings and temple priestesses, Holy union
  • Palm tree decorative elements like pillars and Palmettes
  • Dragons and Gargoyles on temples, roofs (Asia, Stave churches, Mayan tempes)
  • Two snakes on ballustrades
  • Temple Lions worldwide
  • Mayan Priest wearing feathers
  • Croisier of Bischops

Storm gods and Serpents

  • Identical stories the solar hero/god defeating the snake acrooss many cultures, the storm myth
  • An astronomical explanation
  • The world tree, the bird and the monster/snake/dragon at the bottom under “the tree stump”
  • hades devil velez

Enemy of Perun and storm myth

The Russian philologists Vyacheslav Ivanov and Vladimir Toporov reconstructed the mythical battle of Perun and Veles through comparative study of various Indo-European mythologies and a large number of Slavic folk stories and songs. A unifying characteristic of all Indo-European mythologies is a story about a battle between a god of thunder and a huge serpent or a dragon. In the Slavic version of the myth, Perun is a god of thunder while Veles acts as a dragon who opposes him, consistent with the Vala etymology; he is also similar to the Etruscan underworld monster Vetha and to the dragon Illuyankas, enemy of the storm god of Hittite mythology.

The reason for the enmity between the two gods is Veles’s theft of Perun’s son, wife, or, usually, cattle. It is also an act of challenge: Veles, in the form of a huge serpent, slithers from the caves of the underworld and coils upwards the Slavic world tree towards Perun’s heavenly domain. Perun retaliates and attacks Veles with his lightning bolts. Veles flees, hiding or transforming himself into trees, animals or people. In the end, he is killed by Perun and in this ritual death, whatever Veles stole is released from his battered body in the form of rain falling from the skies. This “storm myth”, or “divine battle”, as it is generally called by scholars today, explained to ancient Slavs the changing of seasons through the year. The dry periods were interpreted as the chaotic results of Veles’ thievery. Storms and lightning were seen as divine battles. The ensuing rain was the triumph of Perun over Veles and the re-establishment of world order. On a deeper level, as has been said above, Perun’s place is up, high and dry and Veles’ down, low and wet. By climbing up into the sphere of Perun, Veles disrupts the equilibrium of the world and needs to be put in his place. Perun does this in a fierce battle by smiting him with his lightning and drives him down into the water under the tree stub and the log and by putting him back in his place Perun restores order. Then they stop being adversaries and remain just opponents until the next time Veles tries to crawl up into Perun’s realm.

Hydra coming above the horizon from his lair beneath it, to be defeated by the stormgod Orion. and spring restores.

Occult symbolism

  • Masonic symbolism, square and compass)
  • The octogon of the knights templars
  • Fuxi and Nuwa
  • Red and blue (making purple)
  • Ying and yan, black and white
  • The force, good and evil, jedi and sith
  • The square, octagon and circle
  • Shiva lingams

The hidden astronomical symbolism of the worlds religions

  • Religions, old wine in new flasks, the age old story copying wat was before
  • the Hill figures in britain and the candelabra ior nazca lines in Peru
  • Magi, Magic, the astronomers of the past, their stary robes.
  • Osiris, Wizr, Wizard, put in a pillar, Merliin put in a tree
  • Mithraism Astronomical bull slaying scene, clothing and allegoric astronomical depictions.
  • Zoroastrism
  • Hinduism bull and lion
  • Budhism Budhist Vaijra scepter and bell
  • Hercules and its 12 labours and King Arthur and the 12 knights of the round table. Merlin put in a tree
  • Christianity Babylonian astronomy combined with pagan beliefs and earlier roman god stories remoulded into a “new religion” (4 evengelist, cross/tree, 12 apostels and jesus, last supper michelangelo, the Bible as an astronomical allegory, triptych doors, passover, christmas, snake auditorium, explanation of the bible with an astronomical hat, the allegory) An astronomical explanation to the first and second testament. The true shepherd of Anu Orion.
  • Islam (crescent moon, 4 minarets) “Recognizing” Jesus as a prophet, shaky foundations.
  • Asian temples ( Meru kirtimukjha temple lions)
  • Mayan temples
  • Cardinal directions
  • Asian adoption temples doors and the cardinal directions
  • Temple lions, Snakes and Tryptich doors
  • Morals and Dogma

Royalty, Nobility, Empires and corporatations and their adopted solar symbolism

  • How state and nobility adapted symbols
  • Fleur de lis
  • Crowns
  • Roy SoleilTthe king and the queen
  • Double lions
  • (Double headed ) Eagle
  • Oak tree
  • Symbols used by state and empires. Roman empire, Hitlers third reich symbolism, US eagle
  • Imperial arches, Emperors and solar gods
  • Corporations adopting old symbolism for their brands
  • Rolls royce, Victory, the charioteer of god and its relation to the Pantheon of Rome and the rulers of today.

The change of the date of the new year

  • The “resurection god”
  • The easter bunny,
  • Hercules/orion ,
  • Jezus resurection in easter.

The union of male and female

  • Sun and Moon / sky and Earth, the expressions in gods and the square and circle/compass .
  • Sun female, Sin moon male
  • Night and day, creation

God used to have a wife

  • “Gods wife” in india, egypt, ancient greece and rome
  • Michelangelo sixtine chapel
  • The shift from worshipping the sun moon sky and earth in scared union for creation, to worship the universe/nature as a whole excluding the sacred union.
  • The exclusion of the divine femine, the monotheistic male figure sky god.

The later temples and places of worship worldwide and their designs

  • Temples in Egypt from pyramid temples to stand alone temples
  • The temple of King solomon with the menorah
  • Churches and cathedrals (norsk, gargoyles)
  • Japanese pagodas
  • Micronesia Candi Sukuh
  • Cambodia Angkor Wat
  • Meso America

Chinese temples, constellations and directions

  • Krampus and st. Niklas (Black Pete) vs Enkidu and Gilgamesh, the devil and god. Uncivilized vs Civilized, Beast vs Man/Saint.
  • The relation between indian and european sungod symbolism and how this is seen in imperial arches in europe

What is religion?

  • Unveiling holiest of holies
  • Buildings, priests, book, morales and values
  • Struggles for power, killing in the name of god
  • Secularism, My religion is better than yours, herd behavior to belong to a group.
  • Prayers to the all, the universe.

The new temple of Jerusalem

  • To design of a building in stone that tells all and incorporates and explains all previous symbolism and focusses on morales and values, a place of education for all. and accessible to all.


  • In the belly of the beast, There is no god but the universe and we are at its mercy.
  • Religious lies, – Getting rid of the female aspect, An all benevolent male god, for the rest we blame Satan. Peddling astronomical allegories to the uneducated.
  • Why?


This work started as a quest to understand the concept of god(s) , religion and their places of worship. It brought me on a path across the world to understand the origins and meaning of it through the centuries of civilizations and cultures and how they possibly might be related and derived from a common belief that transformed over time into different expressions and religions. If people around the world understand this and see the common denominator, perhaps man can stop secluding themselves from one other, organizing into groups that have the aim to seclude themselves from others by book, dress or customs, and share the common goal of morale and values that is the core of many such religions, for the better of human kind as a whole, without promoting their religion as the one or best or trying to convert others into their set rules.

One can not blame someone for not having the means, interest or time, to extensively study the subject and adopting a spoon fed religion by their parents from a young age by not knowing the whole story, yet this books aims to give light to why religions were created, dives into the symbolism and tries to show the common denominator across the globe instead of focusing on the differences.

 Lion Pediment by local sculptor William Bloye on the Supreme Works, 186 Soho Hill, Handsworth, Birmingham, England c1922-3. Building by architect Holland W. Hobbiss. The windows are important masonic design elements, square and circle., the lions a representation of the lions gate at Mycenae. “Supreme works” indeed.

The author of this book conjectures that all religions worldwide are related, have transmuted in slightly different forms, but that all gods and symbolism has initialy sprouted from worship of the primordial mountain / Volcano, that translated in the (pyramidal) temple buildings worldwide. c They incorporated the cardinal (Note the word) directions, passing of time, the stars/universe. Solar worship was an important point, mainly two symbols Aketh and the winged sun disk. This was responsible for the creation of “god” and its worship across cultures. It inspired the design of places of worship throughout the world. Later, the tree of life was adopted to worship in temples . With the adoption of the falcon Horus, the winged disk became the bird in the tree, that transformed into the eagle of Zeus, Hitlers third reich and the current United States. Before that the eagle was allready present there, in the form of the Thunderbird on top of indian totem poles, but also much earlier in the mayan civilizations in the bird Itzamna on top of the sacred tree.

One thing has always been the same. The priest where the educated ruling class and the king/Pharao/ruler identified himself with the sun and god itself. This happened in the Mayan civilization, Egyptian civilization, roman emperors, french kings and other European nobility. Royalty throughout the world adopted the symbolism in royal houses, family crests till this day into modern day businesses and (secret) organizations in their logos.

Aketh , with ankh here transmuted into the pillar of heaven, the tree of life with the sun on top and into pyramid style temples guarded by lions as a representation of the universe itself. The primordial mountain or volcano on which the Benu bird sits on top. Whilst the winged sundisk transmuted into a skygod and there lost its two snakes, in India it transmuted into Garuda and kept its snakes. Shiva still had the two cobras around his body.

This personification of the solardisk and sky into a deity gave birth the storm deities Hadad, Baal, Teshub , Thor, Perun, Zeus, Jupiter and later to the single god of to the abrahamic religions. The snakes became lightning bolts. The eagle was adopted by Nazi Germany and America and many asian countries Garuda.If americans knew they had Garuda as a symbol or asian countries knew they had in fact the american eagle as they both are the same symbolically.

The author is convinced It also seeded the Mayan civilizations based on the temple of the cross symbolism, King pakals tomblid, statues and other clues proving there must have been a cultural exchange and contact between these cultures, based on religious concepts and depictions they used. The bird carrying the snake(s) became an universal symbol which combined with other expressions, was not just coincidence, or a bird on top of a tree. It all had deeply rooted origins and astronomical references.

The conclusion of all of this is, that there is and has never been “unique religion” or “unique civilization” their foundations and beliefs were exactly the same. They all are distilled to the same source, have taken on their own forms over the centuries, partly due to later isolations maybe.

To belief in your own religion and thinking others are different, or that they worshiped a different god, is not understanding this symbolism or make the connections how all of these related to each other. Identifying this is getting to the source of its symbolism and the root of belief of man and his desire to build temples of worship according to a greater plan. Having compared these places of worship and studied how these religions evolved and transmuted a picture appears where similarities stand out between these separate religions that shows they were all related and all worshiped the same in slightly different expressions and forms.


It is exactly that. Its when the sun “passes over” the equator, and returns the light to the northern hemisphere. In ancient days this was marked by the constellation of Orion, which was “the giant” in the sky.

The new year started in spring, not the 31st of December. Still in some religions the new years starts then but Roman emperors changed this. Under Orion, you find the constellation of Lepus the hare, even further below that Columbia the dove (or holy spirit), the dove in front of the old ship constellation Argos, (later Noahs ark) The ship on the mountain. The Easter bunny is with its eggs a fertility symbol modeled after Lepus if you ever wondered to the story of the “easter bunny”. In Sumeria, this was a rooster, therefor the rooster on the church towers also as a solar symbol. The rooster god Abraxis is related to this as well. Magi were astronomers, “magic and abracadra”, or the wizards with starry robes. If you read further you will see that “there sits a bird on top of the cross” , the layout of churces.

The resurrection of Jezus, is when the sun or Orion, has “died” on the cross of the ecliptic and been put in a “cave” (metaphorically below the horizon). It then resurrects at spring.

The true shepherd and the 4 corners of the zodiac

In ancient days in Mesopotamia, the constellation of Orion was called the true shepherd of Anu. Hence the relation to the shepherd. So every spring “Jesus” returns and gets resurrected.

The 4 main evangelist are the symbols of 4 corners of the zodiac, leo, bull, Man and Eagle (eagle was old sign for Scorpio). 12 apostles a referral to the 12 zodiac signs. Or Hercules and its 12 labors.

The tree , pillar, cross and menorah

The Christmas tree is a depiction of the tree of life, which in turn, its the universe, the stars and planets its fruit. Stars and planets, lights and balls. On top, the most important star, the polestar (Santa lives on the northpole) or the sun. Its as old as Sumeria where you see the priest/magi(astronomers) worshiping the tree and the figure in top of the solardisk. We see the representation of life, in the Ankh, flanked by lions with a solar disk. That winged solardisk gave bird to later eagles, of Zeus, Garuda, the birds Itzamna and 7 macaw in South America. (day and night combined the double headed bird), the Nazi eagle with its swastika for the sun (and the SS for double sun rune) and in modern days still the german eagle and the american eagle. With lastly the double headed eagles found in freemasonry many balkan states, russia and India for royal houses.

A christmas tree full of glittering lights christmas lights at winter solstice. A representation of the skies. (santiago compostella comes from stellas mare, field of stars) . Christianity is not the only universal tree metaphor worshiping religion, more hidden in adam and eves tree with the snake. (like the maya tree has snakes for the ecleptic) But one that has masked its pagan and astronomical origins very well. However not well enough to not find it.

Many religions knew the world tree symbolism and even Rosslyn chapel has a stylized tree of life in it. The tree as symbol was as ancient as Mesopotamia and also was worshiped as a pillar, or obelisk, for the pillar of heaven.

It was also used by the Estruscans in tombs flanked by jaguars.

There is the bodhi tree in Asian religions and the oak tree of zeus at Dodona. Even the Menorah, the Jewish candle stick is a stylized version of the tree of life. We see it flanked by lions with an arch of 12 constellations sometimes. Its no different to the lions gate at Mycenae and I have not found a researcher who made this connection. But if one looks at old Sumerian seal imagery flanking the tree of life one can see where the lions on the alter came from. From here and solar symbol of Akhet, the temple lions evolved. The sun in the middle.

The famous Pigna plaza in Rome is an arranged tree of life symbolism, with the lions and the peacocks, the pinecone, is “the fruit of the evergreen pine”. Or the sun in the sky. The thunder skygod bringing rain as a waterfeature in its center. Green being the color of life and nature hence the worship of jade in asian and Mayan cultures.

The Jews holiest temple had “a tree inside”. Its 7 lights the 7 known planets. They basically had a depiction of the universe inside for worship. No different than the budhist bodhi tree or the world tree of the vikings.

The tree at the temple of the cross at Palenque ,is very similar to the christian cross found in churches. All are stylized forms of the tree of life, worshiping the universe.

The Vatican has the same arrangement of towers as the Mahabodi temple. Pay attention how this arrangement in towers and doors comes back in other cultures.

The difference being a tree in front, in a temple, or an obelisk. The same “bird” (sun) can be found in Sumeria in the tree or at the ancient mayas. Cultures that had nothing to do with each other? In my opinion all derived from Egyptian winged solar disk that transmuted into the solar sky(thunder) god. Who was this god in the sky? A constellation, (Hercules demigod/Son of god) or the sky/sun universe itself.

The symbolism and relation to the universe is the same. The symbolism of thechurch and the golden and silver key is again a reference to the universe for the golden and silver gate respectively, intersecting nodes at Ophiucius and Orion, or the sun and the moon.

The fleur de lis, crown and scepter and the solar hero sungod

Royal symbolism on regalia is compromised of the fleur de lis, crowns and scepters. Sometimes in the italian case we see the tree of life and the two lions. The crown were the solar rays of the solar hero.

It basically it boils down to a metaphor used of good defeating evil, light over darkness, day over night, or summer winning over winter. Orion beats Hydra. Rain beats drought. The sun beats the serpent of chaos. Rain defeats the drought. Or spring defeats winter and blooms the land again. Light conquers darkness. All is seasonal, year and day night cycle made into figures and stories. The skygod appeared in many forms in many different religions, but if one looks closely one can identify the core symbolism. Even Shiva has two snakes, just like the solar disk. The lightning of Indra became a single Trishula/Trident.

The dorje and the lightning bolt

The thunderbolt of Zeus , Hadad, Theshub and many others, transformed into the Dorje of Budhist. The symbolism of lightning. The prongs where folded inward to be a symbol of peace instead of a weapon.

In Tibetan Buddhism all monks (‘Lamas’) hold a small ‘dorje’ in their right, ‘male’ hand during their daily ceremonies, and a bell on a handle (‘ghanta’) in their left, ‘female’ hand.  Royal Thai symbolism shows a single ended Dorje. This is directly related to the Skygods thunderbolt and the trishula, shivas weapon. We see the exact same design back in the temple towers and the temple doors that are also trident shaped.

The trinity of doors and towers.

The trinity either relates to the sun moving across the earth in the seasons, or the 3 main sections of the sky (pole region, southern sky, northern sky) Its is Anu and his two sons, or surya and his two wifes, or the emperor and his two sons or horse tamers as described in my other paper online.

The 3 door arrangement (or 3 towers/domes , two small ones with a large one in the middle) commonly seen in churches and other temples marks the solstices as the sun passes through the seasons. (Winter- Spring/Autumn – Summer)

Temple doors in Asia follow the same pattern, with the animals of the direction above the doors, green dragon door, white tiger door and the center the emperor golden dragon door. Only God and the emperor may go through this door. The polestar region in chinese astronomy is completely reserved for the emperor, his palace and his staff in constellations. The world revolved around the regent.

Many kings proclaimed themselves the solar kings in medieval Europe. Crowns of royals are links to solar rays, the double headed eagle the sun/moon in the sky or the nature of the sky in night and day. Even today its the highest degree in freemasonry. Thus their main leaders equating themselves with this particular symbol. The royal fluer-de-lis links to the 3 doors or 3 towers and the tree of life. Like the double headed eagle with its crown.

Like the Palmette symbolism in Greece on temples, or the tree headed fleur de lis in relation to the palm tree of life from Sumeria and the pillar at Mycenae being exactly that. The lions flanking the tree with birds on top, from the lions of Egypt and the winged solardisk transmuted in a griffin. The shape of palmette or tree of life with sun on top into a torch as can be seen on a sarcophagus in Delphi.. Just like hercules orions club becomes a torch at spring, symbol of the Olympics as the torchbearer or the statue of liberty.

There is a lot of symbolism in the world and we see most religions use exactly the same kind of symbolism, whether its in Asia or a catholic church, the symbolism used in temples across the world is universal.

The double snake staff come from the caduceus, that in itself relates to the Egyptian solardisk with its two snakes.

I suspect that the snakes symbolism relates to Rahu and Ketu, in india the lunar solar eclipse nodes, but am not 100% sure. There the head of the snake and tail of the snake respectively are the lunar and solar eclipse nodes. The snake swallowing the solar hero is the eclipses. We see double snakes in relation to the ecliptic and also a single snake for oroborus a depiction of time.

The bird(s)

Besides the storm lightning sky god, the bird allways played a role since ancient Egypt as the mightiest animal of the sky. It was Horus the falcon and the winged solardisk representing the skies. This later transformed into an eagle, namely Garuda, Zeus/Jupiter Eagle. Other cultures also had birds as a representation of a sky god being. Even the north american indians know the “thunderbird”. Important here is the snakes on its wings and how this relates to The Maya symbolism of the dual snakes. Itzamna and 7 macaw. The author thinks these are day and night respectively and together form the dual headed bird, like the dual headed eagle of the hittites. Night and Day or sun and moon. Christianity adopted the dove for the bird of the sky/god or spirit, with in its beak sometimes and olive branche. One can argue this is derived from the eagle with the snake in its beak.

Like the eagle (a solar disk/sky symbol) at the temple of jupiter in Baalbek carries the caduceus or Sumerian deities, so do our current bishops.

The sky storm rain thunder god (defeating evil, the snake of drought)

Ninurta with his thunderbolts pursues Anzû stealing the Tablet of Destinies from Enlil‘s sanctuary (Austen Henry Layard Monuments of Nineveh, 2nd Series, 1853)

The bull

The bull has, like the eagle, always been a symbol of the highest skygod being. From Hadad, to Zeus, to Shiva. Usually paired with a female(or male) lion figure. Later the bull lost popularity in favor of the bird symbolism. Of course Orion and Taurus are also significant here, combined with Virgo and Leo.

The two flanking lions

We see the adaptation of the tree of life lions throughout ancient cultures. from the temple lions to medieval crests of nobility. The pose is always there. The lion has allways been the king of the land animals, hence I suspect it symbolizes earth. Like cybele the mother godess had two lions. We see this symbolism usualy with the godess of war in ancient cultures from Sekmeth to innana, to Durga and Brittania who all had lions at their side. Usualy they were paired with the bull opposite male figure.

The griffins

Griffins are composite animals. They combine the earthly lion with the eagle into 1 figure flanking a torch or flame or tree of life as can be seen on the sarcophagus at Delphi.

The torch

The torch is often seen as a symbol of enlightenment. And yes it illuminates, but the deeper meaning behind it originates in the constellation of Orion. As the sun passes over the tip of Hercules club, it literally becomes a torch. The flame is the sun. Hence what was a spreading palm tip became also identified with a flame. The olympic torch bearers are based on this particular symbolism. The return of the light, or prometheus stealing back “the flame from the gods” so it can become summer again.

The double snakes (or dragons)

Photo of an aztec double headed serpent turquoise chest ornament

Dragons chasing flaming pearl, Qing dynasty

Maya ballcourt hoop with intertwined snakes

Many cultures represent snakes or intertwined, or bipahlic in relation to the sky solar disk or eagle. The double snakes in relation to the sky are used since the Egyptian winged sundisk and later evolved into eagles carrying snakes (like Garuda and jupiter at the Baalbek temple entrance door, with his caduceus). I also believe that the snakes on the balllustrades of temples are directly related to it, as can be seen in temples in Asia in kirtimuklha with makara form, but also in Chitzen Itza. My conjecture is that the priest in their bird feathers represented the skygod / sun identification. Whilst they lived on top of the main temple in Chitzen Itza, the two snakes finish of the winged sky god symbolism from Egypt. The double snake symbol plays a major role in Mayan art. We see it in the hands of emperors, on the tree of King pakal and in many objects.

Not only at the Mayas we see the double snakes. In china, the double dragons chasing the flaming pearl are directly related to this symbolism. As the Bixi turtle carrying the world pillar has the two dragons on top, we see the same turtle symbolism (Khurma) carrying over from Asia (Java) into Meso america, where objects of pillars won turtles backs also have been found and were we see a similar temple platforms with turtles in front. To deny cross cultural relations and a land bridge migration into the Americas becomes increasingly less relevant and seafaring cultural seeding might need to be considered or proven more in the near future.

We also see the double Makara heads on the shoulders on the emerald Budha statues further linking the asian and meso american cultures.

Now we see the double snakes in Meso america, but interestingly, this only goes for China (double dragons) , Egypt (double snakes and Meso America as in India a single snake churns the milky ocean (vasuki), with good and evil on either sides.(Now its a metaphor for the universe, but this should help in determining which cultures are related more to each other.) In temples in Bali and Thailand we see the double snake ballustrades on temples just like in meso america in Chitzen Itza. What scholar missed here is the Makara creature at the bottom, with its upturned snout a clear asian alllgator symbol directly related to the snake in tales in Asia.

The single snake

The storm god and the serpent.

The turtle

Churning of the milky ocean

Turtle pillars at sagrada familia Barcelona

Bixi turtle at Harvard

Relief of El Tajin, in Veracruz Mexico

Giambologna turtles supporting a classic egyptian obelisk

The turtle we see used as a world turtle symbol in India in the churning of the milky ocean myth where its an avatar of Vishnu. All creatures come from the turtle. An interesting take on evolution, bettering Darwin. What is most interesting is the chinese Bixi turtle, pictured the one at Harvard. It has a stelle on its back usualy and on its top we see the two dragons chasing the flaming pearl. This symbolism comes also from the Egyptian solardisk with its two snakes. The turtle at the bottom is usualy a reprensatation of earth. Native americans still call america turtle island. We see identical symbolism of the two snakes(like the chinese dragons) on top of a turtle. The Makara crocodiles are in the corners of the El Tajin relief.

We see the turtle and the world pillar also at the Sagrada familia. Originally an indian symbol of the churning of the milky ocean (milky way) where gods and demons pull a (single) snake around the primordial mount Meru. We also see this world turtle symbolism under egyptian obelisks, where it also represents the pillar of heaven on which the sky turn.

In relation to religious buildings we see the obelisk in front of the vatican but also on state buildigs buld by Freemasons, namely in Washington DC. However one of the most magnificent and largest religious complex in the world, Angkor Wat in cambodia, was fully modelled after the churning of the milky ocean blueprint. It is mount meru with its 5 peaks surrounding by water. The Hindu temple Angkor Wat. It is a massive representation in 3d of the churning of the milky ocean. The snake bridges are Vasuki pulled by the Asuras (demons) and the Suras (gods) .  The bridges leading up to the temple have the snake railings, pulled by these figures. For those who can read and understand the symbolism represented here its a perfect match.

In a big reservoir nearby, a large turtle was excavated by archaeologist from the center, under and old temple, further confirming that the Khmer culture build their temples according to their model of the universe of Meru. Su-Meru means good meru in sanskrit. Mr, is the ancient word for pyramid and then ofcourse we have the Meroe culture in Sudan and Mount Meru volcano in Africa. More on the volcanic link later.

It has been a practice for many religions in the world to relate it to the primordial mountain of creation and creation and the universe itself, either by the Jews placing a menorah in the temple as tree of life, the Christians of the cross, the Hindus worshipping the personified sky deity Shiva (with the bull, orion/taurus and Durga for Virgo/Leo) and the budhist with budha and the Bodhi tree. The pyramid builders worshipped the primordial mountain. The same mountain of Jaweh, the mountain of the olympiads. So what lived on that mountain? The sun, planets, constellations and the stars.

Pyramids and temples in Asia

To understand Asian pyramid temples (and even churches) we first must understand the egyptian one. Aligned to the cardinal points they are celestial markers. However one of the biggest clues lies in the pyramidions. We see on them the two symbols of which the author says every world religion is derived from. Aketh and the winged sundisk.

It is important to not see this as single symbols but deconstruct them so one can identify the core of it in other cultures. As we allready shown earlier we see that the winged sundisk transmuted into eagles and eventually humanized characters that led to personified gods. Kings and priest started identifying themselves with the sun itself.

This is an important point.

As we can see the priest attending to the tree in Sumeria, we basically see birdlike humans, or humans with eagle heads. Priest in Egypt wore vulture feathers. Why? Because of the affiliation with the solar bird. The author believes that for this exact reason, the mayas wore feathered outfits and the north american indians still today. We even see indian gods wearing the peacock feathers. So lets assume bird and feathers relate to ancient priests or kingship as they wanted to be like the winged solar disk.

The asian temples with the Kirtimukha “skyface”

On the entrance of Borobodur temple in Indonesia we see the Kirtimukha temple face swallowing two snakes or Makaras. The author beliefs this is another version/representation of the sundisk and the two snakes symbolism.

The temple of Kukulcan at Chitzen Itza
Related image
The temple looks like a mandela geometric shape.

The temple at Chitzen Itza is different and not just a tall pyramidal structure. We see perfect allignment to the cardinal points, 91 steps on each side times four makes 364 plus the one on top makes 365, a perfect solar year. The snakes, are only on 1 side and make up for an astronomical feature where they seem to slide down the pyramid on certain days of the year due to shadow workings.

Why are there snakes there? The common explanation is, that the Mayans just liked snakes and put them there for ornament.

Quote: “Examples of Maya stelae. Left: The Stele C from Copán (Copán department, Western Honduras) was carved to commemorate the first k’atun (a unit of time in the Mayan calendar) ending after the accession of the 13th ruler of Copán, Waxaklajuun Ub’aah K’awiil (December 5, 711 AD). The stele is carved on both sides so that faces both the rising and setting sun. On the east side (picture here) is portrayed a young face, while on the west side is an old face. Right: The Stele B also in Copán. It was dedicated on 22 August 731 AD and portrays the 13th ruler of Copán Waxaklajun Ubaah K’awiil during his accession to the throne.


If one looks closely one can see the same two snakes in the statues rulers hands as we can see on Pakals tomblid in the tree of life. The statues alignment with the setting and rising sun in the form of a young and old face further confirms the solar connection in relation to the two snakes/dragons on the T- section of the body. Just like a bischops staff. In these cases particular pay attention to the upward turned snouts of these snakes. Identical to the Naga depictions in Asia.

Other researchers pointed out that we find the ballustrade snakes in Asia and also at the Mayas. Yet nobody has tried to explain why besides labeling it to coincide design ideas.. Therefor this observation has been largely dismissed. The big picture is not as easy to explain quickly and encompasses all of what has been discussed before,

Now why are those snakes on temples in Asia and Meso America? Some answer next to “it was the easiest way to build a tall structure” is “they both had snakes and these were ornamental, they just came up with the same idea to put snakes on the ballustrades.” Not the answer you expect from educated minds.

Is it pure coincidence that we see similar balustrade snake (naga) designs on temples in Asia. The author full disagrees. All of these are related to sky solar rain worship and trace back to the Egyptian winged solar disk. Its religion and state that has adopted this solar and sky god symbolism, yet the symbolism across cultures as such has never been ackowledged to be one and the same, since the consensus is the Meso American civilizations developed independently and were seeded by the landbridge, not by boats and an allready civilized and cultural civilization with ties to Asia.

To answer this question one needs to count 1 key element that is now missing at Mayan temples. The bird dressed priests on top. Why? Because if Chitzen Itza is a solar temple and the priest are representations of the sun/sky godlike incarnating rulers on earth dressed in feathers to be that sun bird. With that a key element of the winged solar disk was missing. The two snakes, prominently held by these rulers in their statues.

Yes. Even the temple at Chitzen Itza, is modelled after an original solar pyramid complete with the two snakes. The priest or kings are the living representations of the sun on earth, like the kings of medieval europe, pharaos of egypt and many other rulers, equating themselves through symbolism with the sun and skygod itself. This is the very reason also that Bishops yield the double caduceus snake staff. We not only see it back in those staffs, but also in temple buildings in Asia and Meso America.

The jade usage (green color of life) and red ocre, are just a few of the clues that link them. But no “proof” has ever been presented or acknowledged as such.

Stave churches from 1150 in scandanavia show the dragon/snake symbolism on the rooftops. Carved dragons are on the gables of the Borgund Stave Church in Norway. It was built and dedicated to St. Andrew the Apostle around A.D. 1150. Source: Shutterstock
Dragons on ancient stave churches
A dragon Gargoyle on european churches.

Thai religious temples also show the nagas and dragons at their rooftops. Wether its a temple church, or meso american temples, the symbolism is the same for religious buildings. We see Garuda, the solar symbol holding the snakes.

Nagas on Thai roofs, like we see Makaras on budhist roofs

The fact that we find snakes on religious buildings across the globe is no coincidence, All of these cultures seeded from a single origin, including the meso american civilizations that also showed the snakes on their astronomical solar temple in Chitzen Itza.

Another important clue of cross atlantic symbolism is the turtle.

As we saw earlier that the turtle symbolism is used in Hindu religions as Kurma the avatar of Vishnu, with mount Meru on its back. We see the turtle altars back at Candi Sukuh in Java. The same site that has a representation of the stormgod with identical graphical elements as seen in Sumeria.

Domed buildings with an Oculus, the royal arch of heaven

The veneration of the skies has been since ancient times as these skies were used by ancient maritimers as navigation. The seasons, winter and summer and the return of the maizegod (born from earth back of a turtle), resurrection of Jezus at spring where all astronomical allegories., The 4 main evengelist representing the exact corners of the zodiac wheel, jezus crucified on the “cross of heavens” being put in a cave (below the horizon) and its resurection as the return of the light in spring based on earlier pagan religions was old wine in new boxes, as has been the case for any religion worldwide. The packaging is different but the clues to its origins and deeper meanings are there for those who want to learn. This is not an easy task as there are billions of followers for the different religions worldwide and to tell them their religion is all copied and based on astro theology is not something that will go down easily and with immediate acceptance, especially if indoctrinated from young into a certain belief system without exploring global religions and their inherent similarities. The symbolism however is there in plain sight, used across the globe in slightly different expressions, enough for an uninitiated to think these are alll “seperate” and “individual” occurances. No. the golden thread is there.

Domus Aurea, showing the vaulted skies.

Quote: The rediscovered Domus Aurea or Nero’s “Golden House” the recreated colours and imagery below are taken directly from the description of Gaius ‘Suetonius’ Tranquillius in the “12 Caesars” (originally called “The Lives of the Caesars) released in 121 CE while employed as the Emperor Hadrian’s private, personal secretary. Unlike many Roman historians, he was not of Senatorial rank, so this adds a certain, perhaps subconscious, or maybe purely on purpose, highly critical depiction of the private lives of the Emperors, whereas his colleagues avoided this taking the safer and less popular option of writing about the public lives of the Emperors. What makes Suetonius pivotal in this period of history is that he lived through some of it, was not a Senator and had access to the Imperial archives as Hadrian’s secretary. 

Church of the holy sepulchre in Jerusalem, one can clearly seee the rays in the design representing the sun.

The pantheon, Rolls Royce and the charioteer of Zeus

Agrippa finished the construction of the building called the Pantheon. It has this name, perhaps because it received among the images which decorated it the statues of many gods, including Mars and Venus; but my own opinion of the name is that, because of its vaulted roof, it resembles the heavens.

Cassius Dio History of Rome 53.27.2
Author Stijn van den Hoven at the Pantheon in Rome.

The vatican, with the 4 pillars of heaven altar, above it in the corners the 4 main evangelists. These are the 4 corners of the zodiac respectively according to W bullinger. Lion, Bull, Man, Eagle (The eagle was the old name for the constellation in the region of Scorpio) .

Indian god of Brahma, Art of statue

The origins of the religion, its buildings and the symbolism of state and religion, lies in astronomy and our sky with rain for crops, the sun and the universe itself, combined with added morals and values.

Post by Stijn van den Hoven – 2020/06/07
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