This post shows a map of all important archeological sites in Albania and also all megalithic Illyrian fortress locations. It is a great basis for a trip to Albania. It was the main reason I bought below book. Although the book itself was a bit dissapointing and did not show the megalithic fortresses, the map is valuable for a future visit. In the background one can see a transplanted fortress to the main archeological museum. It shows an identical doorway to the “pyramids in Greece”, thus a likely relation in who build these.
Cuka castle , Albania. The arch now transported to Butrint archeological museum.
The monument is part of a larger structure, probably the entrance of an ancient building, formerly situated at the site of Çuka e Ajtoit. In front of this building extended the courtyard and the construction of the rest of the living chambers was organize in two terraces. The exhibited entrance is considered to be the entrance of the second terrace and in comparison to the rest of the monuments in the site is conserved in e relatively good condition, in a height of approximately to 2.50m – 2.70m and length 7.50m. The upper part of the entrance is crowned by an archway. Based on the construction technique with polygonal blocks and the archaeological material provided during the excavation, the monument is dated in 4th – 3d century BC.
The movement of the entrance toward National Historical Museum took place in 1981 and the whole process was accomplished by a group of experts under the direction of the Albanian restorer Lazër Papajani. The construction of the platform for exhibition purposes of the monument is a work of the engineer Eqerem Harxhi.
Site of Çuka e Ajtoit
Çuka e Ajtoit is the second largest fortification in the Prasaib territory, following Butrint. The fortified site of Çuka e Ajtoit is situated approximately 16km south of Butrint, in the village of Çiflig, approximately 5km away from the Ionian Sea. The fortification has been constructed over a rocky conical mountain up to a height of 330m toward the end of Vrina Plain (ancient Kestrina).
The defense walls encompass a surface of approximately 7.5ha, classifying Çuka e Ajtoit into the category of middle – size cities. The plan of the fortification is distinguished for the zigzag rendering of the walls and the employment of a mixed construction technique with both polygonal and trapezoidal blocks. Another tract of the wall is constructed with rectangular blocks.
The archaeological excavations have identified a considerable number of ancient buildings, which are adapted to the nature of the terrain. They are classified in three main categories: dwellings with a fire – chamber; dwellings with a porch; and, dwellings with a courtyard or hall.
The archeological material provided as result of archeological investigation conducted under the direction of S. Islami, belong to 2 phases. The first phase is represented by oil lamps, dishes and black figured pottery, as well as a coin which belong to the Epirote League, dated from 4th – 2d century BC; the second period is represented mainly by fragments of construction ceramics and table wares dating back to 1st – 2nd century AD.
The fortification of Çuka e Ajtoit is dated back to the end of 4th century – 3d century BC. The ancient city was an administrative center of Kestrina Plane as well as a military center which controlled the communication routes. In Late Antiquity the site was refortified (4th – 6th century AD), but the new alignment of the walls encompassed a far more reduced surface of the fortification (approximately 1.3ha).
The greek pyramid, note the identical triangular doorways