The rooster and the caduceus. How the sun shaped religions.

The rooster

Ever wondered why many churches have roosters on their towers? The official explanation:

Quote: ” (Matthew 26:75). The rooster represents Peter’s denial of Christ and also stands for his remorse and repentance upon hearing the rooster’s crow. The rooster, as a symbol, becomes a call to repentance.

Quote: “In many cultures, the rooster’s habit of crowing at the dawning of each new morning made it a symbol of the Christian’s victory of light over darkness and the triumph of life over death. Thus, some churches use the rooster as a symbol of resurrection. Other churches see in the rooster’s heralding of a new day a symbol of the church’s responsibility to proclaim God’s new era of grace and forgiveness to a darkened world.””


Solar symbolism

Now the rooster has been a sungod symbol in Persia for a long time before christianity in the form of the deity Abraxas.

Representation of Abraxis. Note the sun and the whip. (the whip for the solar charioteer)
What is Abraxas? The Gnostic God = 365
Abraxas in a solar chariot. Depicted as a rooster although the chaldean oracles depict him with a hawk head, like the Egyptian god Seker.

Quote: “Abraxas is a mystical word, probably of Gnostic or Kabbalistic origins, which conveys gematrically the number 365 and is connected with the solar cycle. The word is also associated with the highest Gnostic deity (as the sun!) and eventually became the name of a demon in occultism.”


The rooster announces the day, and is a solar symbol, it also relates to the constellations, specifically to Lepus, under Orion, which was in ancient times a rooster. The snake legs of Abraxis are not demonic but according to the author, have its roots from the Egyptian solar disk.

Babylon and Orion

Quote: “Around 1000 BC, Babylonian astronomers then compiled the MUL.APIM, a comprehensive star and constellation catalogue in which the constellation of Orion was called MULSIPA.ZI.AN.NA, meaning the “True Shepherd of Anu”,

The true shepherd of Anu and its rooster
Source: Gavin White Babylonian star maps

Referring to the Sumerian attendant deity Ninshubur, who served as a messenger to Anu, the god of the sky, and supreme ruler of heaven. Ninshubur was also a personal attendant to the goddess Ishtar (Sumerian: Inanna), the Queen of Heaven, who had earlier been rejected by Gilgamesh, but later Mesopotamian traditions would subsequently assimilate Ninshubur with the Akkadian messenger god Papshukal to become a herald to the general pantheon of gods. In the Babylonian star map, the constellation depicted Ninshubu/Papshukal as a shepherd with his left foot forward, and a staff in his extended left hand. Traditionally, the deity was symbolized as the figure of a walking bird, and behind and below the messenger god was imagined a Rooster, with both separate constellations representing Papshukal in his bird and human forms.”


Now in greek and roman times, the constellation Orion was the first constellation of the new year in spring and was equated with Heracles/Hercules as can be seen in the general later depiction of Orion with a club and Nemean lion skin.

Orion as depicted in Urania’s Mirror, a set of constellation cards published in London c.1825
Sidney Hall – John Dolby (Direct link
Orion“, plate 29 in Urania’s Mirror, a set of celestial cards accompanied by A familiar treatise on astronomy … by Jehoshaphat Aspin. London. Astronomical chart, 1 print on layered paper board : etching, hand-colored. Source:’s_Mirror_-_Orion_(best_currently_available_version_-_2014).jpg

Julius Ceasar and the pope Gregory XIII changed the calenders (The Julian calendar, first implemented by Julius Caesar in 46 B.C. and later 1582, when Pope Gregory XIII introduced his Gregorian calendar) likely to mask the older religions and gods and relations to spring, but still celebrated the resurrection of christ as such at Easter. The rooster later became the hare constellation in the form of Lepus, shown in the image below, slowly erasing links and relations in history.

Orion in the 9th century Leiden Aratea
Unknown author – Leiden University Library Website
Fol. 58v Orion and Lepus Source:

That hare in itself became later the origin of the Easter bunny, as a fertility symbol, resurrection of the land and return of the sun at spring after a dark winter.

The most important section of the year at Spring at the time. Orion/Hercules, the true shepherd, under that Lepus the hare, the easter bunny) Note the perfect line to “Colombia”, the name of the newer constellation for the dove with the olive branch that found land for Noah (in constellations is ahead of the ship Argos, of the argonauts), the dove, beinga symbol of the holy ghost.

For those in the know, Orion was the main constellation for the ancients, The giant in the sky. The author agrees with identifying the Cerne Abass giant as Hercules, as was found it indeed had a nemean lion skin now not shown.

Quote: “A 1996 study found that some features have changed over time, concluding that the figure originally held a cloak in its left arm and stood over a disembodied head.[11] The former presence of a cloak was corroborated in 2008 when a team of archaeologists using special equipment determined that part of the carving had been allowed to be obliterated. The cloak might have been a depiction of an animal skin, giving credence to the theory that the giant was a depiction of a hunter, or alternatively, Hercules with the skin of the Nemean lion over his arm.[12] ”
Source:  “Cerne Abbas Giant & Cerne Abbas, Dorset”. Weymouth & Portland Borough Council. Archived from the original on 30 March 2009. Retrieved 3 October 2010.

The true shepherd and the rooster

If we go back to Babylon with Orions original naming. Which “current shepherd” resurrects at spring? Isn’t it fitting the rooster sat under Orion in Babylonian times?

The True(man) Shepherd of Anu...aka Orion/Osiris from the dendera ...
The true shephard of Anu

The authors hypothesis is that Jesus was modeled after the constellation Orion, taking over this primary role from Hercules/Heracles, the previous no 1 religious god. Hence, resurrecting symbolizing the sun crossing the constellation at Easter and “resurrecting” . The cave is symbolic for the underworld where Orion was during winter.

The Relationship Between The Good Shepherd And His Sheep | Jack ...

Jesus is indeed the shepherd. The true sheperd of Anu.

Quote: “Anu or An is the divine personification of the sky, supreme god, and ancestor of all the deities in ancient Mesopotamian religion. Anu was believed to be the supreme source of all authority, for the other gods and for all mortal rulers, and he is described in one text as the one “who contains the entire universe”.


And this is where Jaweh was modelled after.

Quote: “In Mesopotamian religion, Anu was the personification of the sky, the utmost power,[7] the supreme god,[8] the one “who contains the entire universe”.[9] He was identified with the north ecliptic pole centered in Draco.[10 His name meant the “One on High”,[7]

Together with his sons Enlil and Enki (Ellil[11] and Ea[12] in Akkadian), he formed a triune conception of the divine, in which Anu represented a “transcendental” obscurity,[7] Enlil the “transcendent” and Enki the “immanent” aspect of the divine.[13]

In astral theology, the three—Anu, Enlil and Enki—also personified the three bands of the sky, and the contained constellations, spinning around the ecliptic, respectively the middle, northern and southern sky.[14]” Source:

Anu was the region around the polestar. Enlil  Boötes and Enki with the southern band but also square of Pegasus which is close to Aquarius.


There are a few interesting split ofs of this Babylonian religion that carried over to modern times. The first one is the supreme sky deity with his two sons symbolism. We see that back in Indian Surya with his Ashvini sons, but also in many imperial roman arches where the emperor is depicted with the two horsetamers sons as described in my paper online. Was this the original spiritual meaning of the “holy trinity”?

A second split of is the one where the constellation Orion became the messenger.

Assimilation of Ninshubur with the Akkadian messenger god Papshukal to become a herald to the general pantheon of gods.

Now Greeks and Romans had a messenger of the gods. This was Mercury.

Mythological Gallery/Murray/mur037

Mercury brought an interesting symbol with him. The well known Caduceus. Two entwined snakes on a winged staff with usually a bol on top. The snakes around the staff are in the authors opinion another morphing of earlier symbolism. If one takes it apart, it is the Egyptian winged sun disk with the two snakes.

The Caduceus in classical imagery

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The entrance at baalbek, showing the eagle of jupiter carrying the caduceus, flanked by two winged figures holding a garland. Numerous images of classical caduceus can be found here:

Quote: According to the Roman author Macrobius, the cult statue in Baalbek had been taken from Egypt, was made of gold, and showed the god as a beardless, young man, “with its right hand raised and holding a whip, like a charioteer,” while the left hand held “a lightning bolt, and ears of grain”.note[Macrobius, Saturnalia1.23.12.] We also know that the statue was flanked by two bulls (Hadad’s animal), and that the god wore representations of the Sun and Moon on his breast.

The description of the whip is of particular interest, as that was also a symbol of Abraxis as sky / sun god charioteer. (this links to the sungod charioteers seen in India and also on the triumphal arches. The grain also a symbol of Osiris and likely related to the crops abundance of the land.

No photo description available.
A roman temple in Dwair Reslan, Syria. Notably it features identical eagle reliefs as baalbek indicating a Jupiter / Sun temple. Jupiter heliopolitanus.

This is not the only evolution of the Egyptian sundisk. If we look at the ceiling above the main entrance of the roman Jupiter temple of Baalbek and a Syrian roman temple in Dwair Reslan, we see an Eagle carrying a primitive versions of the caduceus.

No photo description available.
Primitive version of the caduceus as also seen on the reliefs of the temples in Baalbek and Dwair Reslan. The bronze kerykeion exposed at the British Museum, evidence of the ancient civilization of Longane that developped along the Longanus river,today considered by many the Patrì river that rises in Fondachelli- Fantina, Sicily The circle in the first caduceus is interesting. More on that later.

The Eagle long being a symbol of Zeus/Jupiter. The bull also a fertility symbol was used next to the major god Ptah in ancient times, where the solar falcon, not the eagle was of great importance at the time in the form of Horus. That falcon, was also usually depicted in relation to the Cobra. If one looks closely and dissects the symbolism, its clear this derived and diffused from the Egyptian winged solar disk, transformed into birds and later human deities.

What has given less attention in Europe is the snakes. Although the roman and Greek eagle of Jupiter was there, besides Mercury, only Athena had a single snake symbol. But if we look closely at modern day we find the solar symbolism back in the catholic church and the Vaticans Bischops.

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Solar symbolism in the form of the caduceus is still present in todays bischops staff.

The diffusion of the Egyptian sun disk

The author believes that the Egyptian symbolism not only spread to Sumeria and Greece/Italy but also spread further to India, even as far as china. Lets investigate why. The author believes that the Egyptian winged solar disk transmuted in many forms worldwide. From the Roman, German and American eagle in the west and going eastward to the Zoroastrian symbol, Garuda to the two chinese dragons chasing the flaming pearl. The dragons/snakes also made their way on Hindu temples in the form of Makaras and across the pacific to the temples in Chitzen Itza., where the bird featered priest on top, represented the bird aspect of the symbolism.

Eclipsology: The Winged Sun Disk Symbol Of Ancient Egyptian ...

Winged Sun Disk: One Of The Oldest And Most Important Solar And ...
Zoroastrian symbiol. The snakes have becomes stylized.
File:Parteiadler Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei ...
The Nazi emblem, using the solar symbol of the swastika in combination wit the eagle. The Rune symbol for sun is the Sygil S, two of them where used for the SS logo.

How the solar symbol has evolved and diffused world wide in the form of eagle and snakes, man and snakes and fused with a stormgod archetype is to be discussed in another article

snakes | Serendipity City
Garuda, the mythological bird and chariot of the skygod Vishnu in a Thailand temple. Again we disect the bird/eagle and the snakes in relation to a god or the supreme being. Supreme Being, Parabrahman, God of Protection, Preservation of Good, Controller of entire Universe, Karma restoration, Moksha[1][2]

Sunwu Creek Bixi Stele. A bixi turtle with a stele on the bank of Sunwu Creek (Sunwu xi), NW of downtown Quanzhou, Fujian. The stele, installed by the People’s Government of Licheng District and dated December 1998, tells the story of the creek dredging project(s). The bixi turtle, although modern in its provenance, is crafted more or less in the Qing-dyansty style. The top of the stele is decorated with two dragons playing with a pearl – a traditional motif, but rendered here as a sculpture, rather than a (more traditional) relief. Source:

I like to focus on the two snakes in relation to the sun/year for now and will expand to the Turtle symbolism later.

As also identified by other scholars there are similarities in balustrade design between eastern temples and the Mayas, particularly in Chitzen Itza. There is no reason for it given besides the identification of the similarities and it is ignored by academics as just a coincidental design features.

Chichen Itza: El Castillo, Pyramid of Kukulkan
El Castillo is a pyramid with 91 steps on each of its four sides. When the temple at top is included, it rises about 100 feet (30 meters), with each side being 180 feet (55 meters) at the base. On each of the pyramid’s four sides are 91 steps, making 364 in total. When you add in the step taken to enter the temple the total number of steps comes to 365, the number of days in a year.

However the author believes it was intentional and again a relation to the Egyptian solar disk with its snakes.

To understand these staircases on has to look at the bigger picture and see the Kala Makara figure on top. The lion headed figure with its voracious nature again represents the sun.

Kala Makara above the entrance devouring the makaras. A solar symbol, half lion half vegetation as the symbolic presentation of time itself that devours everything.
The Ganges in Myth and History
By Steven G. Darian

The combination of snake and lion reminds us of Chnoubis, again a seemingly throwback to Egypt.

Chnoubis (Xnoubis, Chnoumis, Chnuphis)

Quote: “Chnoubis is an Egyptian Gnostic solar icon, found most often on gnostic gems, and amulets for protection against poison and disease. It is a composite figure with the head of a lion and the body of a serpent, usually with seven rays emanating from the head, sometimes, with the twelve zodiacal signs. Chnoubis is an aspect of the Gnostic Demiurge, Yaldabaoth, and is associated with Abraxas. Images of Chnoubis are most often found inscribed on gnostic gems, small talismans made from semi-precious stone, that date from the first century onward.

The lion’s head represents the solar forces, enlightenment; the serpent, the lower impulses, earth. The rays represent the seven planets, the seven Greek vowels,* and the seven colors of the visible spectrum. Source:

The turtle symbolism has been explained in relation by BIBHU DEV MISRA in this article:


LAKSHMAN RANASINGHEJournal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Sri LankaNew Series, Vol. 36 (1991/1992), pp. 132-145

The 3 doors. Heavens gates, summer and winter solstices: Janua Coeli and Janua Inferni

In eastern temples the left door is spring and autumn and the central door is summer.

The Yellow Dragon (simplified Chinese: 黄龙; traditional Chinese: 黃龍; pinyinHuánglóngCantonese YaleWong4 Lung4 JapaneseKōryū or Ōryū KoreanHwang-Ryong VietnameseHoàng Long) is the zoomorphic incarnation of the Yellow Emperor of the centre of the universe in Chinese religion and mythology.[1]

The Yellow Emperor or Yellow Deity was conceived by a virgin motherFubao, who became pregnant after seeing a yellow ray of light turning around the Northern Dipper (in Chinese theology the principal symbol of God). Twenty four months later the Yellow Emperor was born and was associated to the colour yellow because it is the colour of the Earth ( 地), the material substance, in which he incarnated.[1]

In East Asian culture, the Yellow Dragon is the fifth symbol completing the Sixiang (Four Symbols). This deity is the centre of the cosmos and it represents the element earth, the Chinese quintessence, as well as the changing of the seasons.


Depictions of mythological creatures clearly ancestral to the modern set of four creatures have been found throughout China. Currently, the oldest known depiction was found in 1987 in a tomb in Xishuipo (西水坡) in PuyangHenan, which has been dated to approximately 5300 BC. In the tomb, labeled M45, immediately adjacent to the remains of the main occupant to the east and west were found mosaics made of clam shells and bones forming images closely resembling the Azure Dragon and White Tiger, respectively.[1]

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