This article is a preliminary study into storm gods and serpents nemesis across cultures. It is also related to the eagle (as symbol of skygod) and the serpent symbolism as seen in India and Mexico in the authors opinion.
So many cultures had a storm god that weilded lightning, an axe or a hammer as their main god, all of them battled a serpent. Some have said the snake was chaos or forces of nature or even day battling the night, however as far as the author is aware there is no published explanation on this specific symbolism, nor a link being made between the symbolism and deities across the different cultures.
The skygod (or eagle) vs the snake (dragon/alligator)
Every culture depicts this in the same way individually in the exact same manner with different names for their main storm deities. This can impossibly be coincidence and a common source or cultural exchange for this global symbolism is evident. Lets start with the numerous examples across different cultures.
Krishna overcomes Kaliya (indian)
Indra vs Vitra (Indian) Indra
Vishnu vs Ananta-Shesha (indian)
Tarhunt and the dragon Illuyanka (hittite)
Apep vs Ra (Egypt)
Atum and the snake Apophis
Set speared Apep
Horus (hero) vs sobek (Egypt) (Horus under the form of a horseman piercing a crocodile with his spear, louvre museum)
Zeus vs Typhon (Greek)
Thor vs Jörmungandr’s (Nors) Thor
Marduk or Bel vs Tiamat (Sumerian)
Hadad vs Têmtum (Mesopotamia)
Baʿal vs Lôtān (send by seagod Yam) (Canaanite /Syrian) or Tannin (Tannin is sometimes associated with Tiamat and, in modern Hebrew, the name tannin means CROCODILE) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tannin_(monster)
Melqart (milqartu, tutelary god of city of phoenician city of Tyre)
Teshub (hittite) vs Illuyanka/Heddamu (Hurian)
Theispas (also known as Teisheba or Teišeba) of Kumenu was the Araratian (
Taranis (Celtic) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taranis
Hheroic Akkadian deity Ninurta, (iraq) killing numerous snakes.
Bashmu (“venomous serpent”), killed by Ninurta
Mušmaḫḫū (“distinguished serpent”), killed by Ninurta
Seven-headed serpent, killed by Ninurta
Ušumgallu (“great serpent”)
Heracles/Hercules vs Hydra
Dionysus identies him with
Ser-Apis (Osiris Apis)
The snake and phallus were symbols of Dionysus in ancient Greece, and of Bacchus in Greece and Rome. He typically wears a panther or leopard skin and carries a Thyrsus – a long stick or wand topped with a pine cone. His iconography sometimes include maenads, who wear wreaths of ivy and serpents around their hair or neck.
St. Michael / George and the Dragon
Jaweh vs Levithian Hebrew)
Jaweh battled a snake, Tiamat.
Hydra vs Hercules (Greek)
Dragon vs St. George (Europe, this particularly in st. mark square, Venice)
mdugud vs Ninurta (Sumeria)
Balaur vs Făt-Frumos (Romanian)
The lightning bolt, the axe and the vaijra(dorje)
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