The volcanic connection

This blog post captures my own research into why they build pyramids worldwide and how these structures / temples are related to each other. I tried to understand why a whole world started building similar structures, ignoring the obvious answer of “its the easiest way to build a tall building” and “these cultures are not related”.

I started looking for a possible deeper meaning behind this worldwide pyramid phenomena.

It started to make sense after a first clue, pyra-mid, which translates as fire in the middle. Ben ben was symbolic for “primeval mound”

The word PYRAMID according to Stephen Mehler:

“The word pyramid is derived from the Greek words PYRAMIS and PYRAMIDOS. The meaning of the word Pryamis is obscure and may relate to the shape of a pyramid. The word Pyramidos has been translated as “Fire In The Middle”. In alignment with the indigenous tradition, we use the interpretation “House of Nature, House of Energy” for Per-Neter.”

It is rather interesting that the Egyptian word for pyramid was MR, or MER, awefully close to the Hindu MERU and suMER. SU meaning “good” in sanskrit and MR being the primordial mountain.

Then I went to browser for certain pyramids and temples in the world. We know the ancients revered the primordial mountain as per Egyptian religion. The “mountain” re-occurs in many religions worldwide.


Quote: “It was given different names in different cultures. The Egyptians knew it as the Primordial Mound, the Israelites as Sinai and Zion, and the Greeks as Olympus and Parnassus. Further afield, the Indians called the divine peak Meru or Sumeru, the Chinese Kun-lun, Sung-shan, or Bu-zhou, the Icelanders Himinbjörg, the Aztec Colhuacan, and the Choctaw Nunne Chaha.” Source


Besides the Meru domes of Indian temples, we even see this mountain shape in Sardinian wells if seen from the air, a  “mountain” with a (pole)star on top. (the star constellations and planets are “the gods” on top of the mountain)

*Note the flattened trapezium shaped pyramid shape and on top a “pole star”.

Santa Cristina stepwell Sardinia, seen from the air.

The “not perfect pyramid” shape like the largest Egyptian pyramid. Could it actually be a depiction of a volcano? Hepahaistus and Ptah where derived from each other and both related to volcanoes.

Many Asian temples are in a moat, like an island. For example Angkor Wat with a mountain like building as temple. The Vimana of Hindu temples representing mount Meru. The primordial mountain/island.

There is one very important link researchers and academics worldwide might have missed, which is, the possible relation of ancient sites to the volcano. In many places like Cholula it is very obvious but perhaps overlooked.

“The pyramid (and later temple mounts) could be culturally linked to the volcano worldwide.” – Stijn van den Hoven


Cono de Arita is a volcanic cone that rises unexpectedly in the middle of the salt pan, near the border of Salar de Arizaro, in Argentina

So can we prove pyramids (or temples) are related to volcanoes?

Not only is the pyramid a representation of that primordial mount that rises from the sea, water and fire combined, it is also directly related to some of the world largest pyra-mids, so obvious in plane sight as a background to the building but not explicitly mentioned as related to it, as far as I know by anyone. Not in relation to this subject in Meso America and also not in a global relation in different countries worldwide like Bali that it was the volcano that caused the temple or pyramid to be build.

Some pyramids and temples are directly positioned on or near such volcanoes making it a small copy of the large mountain behind it as seen in Mexico AND Bali, an ocean apart, with no cultural links whatsoever according to conventional academic research.

Was it mere coincidence they both framed the volcano? I suspect not.


The Aztecs gave the name Miccaotli Street of the Dead or Calzada de los Muertos in Spanish) to the broad, street-like series of connected plazas in Teotihuacan.

The main buildings are connected by a 130-foot- (40-metre-) wide road, the Street of the Dead (“Calle de los Muertos”), that stretches 1.5 miles (2.4 km); oriented slightly east of true north.

It points directly at the nearby sacred peak of Cerro Gordo, not any mountain, again a volcano..

The Street of the Dead was once erroneously thought to have been lined with tombs, but the low buildings that flank it probably were palace residences.

I do not think the pyramids are the pyramids of the sun and moon. I think they represents the two large volcano’s south-west of Mexico city and that the reason is that the street of the death connects to 1 pyramid is exactly that. Because the volcanoes caused massive death to a pre-civilization.

I noticed that the old Toltec city of Tula was on the other side of Mexico city much closer to the volcano’s and that the newer cities are deliberately further on the other side.

Could Teotihuacan and Cholula be cities that came from Tula
that was abandoned and destroyed by volcanic erruptions?

Is that the true meaning of the pyramid shape? Is that the reason why they mimicked the two mountains as pyramids in Theotihuacan and linked the street of the death directly to 1 pyramid.




Let’s carry on to the largest pyramid in Mexico, where the catholic church build a church on top. Check what is behind it..épetl

  • Mid-to late first century CE: A violent VEI-6 eruption may have caused the large migrations that settled Teotihuacan, according to DNA analysis of teeth and bones.


pyramidPerhaps this picture shows it better.. That’s right, a massive volcano.



The great pyramid of Cholula, with as backdrop the volcano it replicates.

The great pyramid of Cholula, Mexico

Chalcatzingo another old Olmec site has also view of Popocatépetl

Looking north northwest, The view from a mountain above Chalcatzingo (seen far below). To the right looms Cerro Delgado.

Popocatépetl can be seen in the far distance to the north

Image result for Chalcatzingo

Legend of Popocatépetl and Iztaccíhuatl

Quote Wikipedia:

“In aztec mythology, Iztaccíhuatl was a princess who fell in love with one of her father’s warriors, Popocatépetl. The emperor sent Popocatépetl to war in Oaxaca, promising him Iztaccíhuatl as his wife when he returned (which Iztaccíhuatl’s father presumed he would not). Iztaccíhuatl was falsely told that Popocatépetl had died in battle, and believing the news, she died of grief. When Popocatépetl returned to find his love dead, he took her body to a spot outside Tenochtitlan and kneeled by her grave. The gods covered them with snow and changed them into mountains. Iztaccíhuatl’s mountain is called “White Woman” (from Nahuatl iztāc “white” and cihuātl “woman”) because it resembles a woman lying on her back, and is often covered with snow — the peak is sometimes nicknamed La Mujer Dormida, “The Sleeping Woman”. Popocatépetl became an active volcano, raining fire on Earth in blind rage at the loss of his beloved.”

Quote Wikipedia

Mount Tlaloc

Tlaloc vessel
There is a sanctuary found atop Mount Tlaloc, dedicated to the god, Tlaloc; it is thought that the location of this sanctuary in relation to other temples surrounding it may have been a way for the Aztecs to mark the time of year and keep track of important ceremonial dates.[26] Research has shown that different orientations linked to Mount Tlaloc revealed a grouping of dates at the end of April and beginning of May associated with certain astronomical and meteorological events. Arcaheological, ethnohistoric, and ethnographic data indicate that these phenomena coincide with the sowing of maize in dry lands associated with agricultural sites.[27] The precinct on the summit of the mountain contains 5 stones which are thought to represent Tlaloc and his four Tlaloque, who are responsible for providing rain for the land. It also features a structure that housed a statue of Tlaloc in addition to idols of many different religious regions, such as the other sacred mountains. [4]

Geographical setting
Mount Tlaloc is the highest peak of the part of the Sierra Nevada called Sierra del Rio Frio that separates the valleys of Mexico and Puebla. It rises over two diffierent ecological zones: alpine meadows and subalpine forests. The rainy season starts in May and lasts until October. The highest annual temperature occurs in April, the onset of the rainy season, and the lowest in December–January. Some 500 years ago weather conditions were slightly more severe, but the best time to climb the mountain was practically the same as today: October through December, and February until the beginning of May. The date of the feast of Huey Tozotli celebrated atop Mount Tlaloc coincided with a period of the highest annual temperature, shortly before dangerous thunderstorms might block access to the summit.[28]

Archaeological evidence
The first detailed account of Mount Tlaloc by Jim Rickards in 1929 was followed by visits or descriptions by other scholars. In 1953 Wicke and Horcasitas carried out preliminary archaeological investigations at the site; their conclusions were repeated by Parsons in 1971. Archaeo-astronomical research began in 1984, some of which remains unpublished. In 1989 excavation was undertaken at the site by Solis and Townsend.[29] The current damage that is present at the top of Mount Tlaloc is thought to be likely of human destruction, rather than natural forces. There also appears to have been a construction of a modern shrine that was built in the 1970s, which suggests that there was a recent/present attempt to conduct rituals on the mountain top

El Volcan

Another weird find is this. A man made mini volcano. Named “el Volcan”

Quote: “In the 1960s, archaeologists had noted the volcano-like mound and identified it as artificial, but  Benfer and his team decided to investigate further.”


Also the site of Izapa is aligned to a volcano as shown in this article by John Major Jenkins yet he didn’t pay much attention to that detail not realising a lot of old world sites are.

Quote: ” The site is oriented some 21 degrees east of true north, which is the sight line to the peak of Tacana Volcano.”


The reason for Balis’ temples on the slope of volcanoes or Cholula in front of volcano pre-dates Hinduism and relates to the core of the pyramid culture.

Lempuyang Temple, Bali

Mother Temple gate in Besakih is on the slopes of volcano Mount Agung .

Here the gate of Pura lempuyang temple in Bali. Again a volcano is framed perfectly in its view, identical to the Cholula Pyramid in Meso America. Mount Agung or Gunung Agung is a volcano in Bali, Indonesia, south-east of Mt Batur volcano, also in Bali. Gunung Agung strato volcano is the highest point on Bali. 

View of Angung volcano Last eruption: 21 November 2017
Elevation: 3,031 m
Prominence: 3,031 m
Translation: Paramount, The Great Mountain
The most important temple on Bali, Pura Besakih, is located high on the slopes of Gunung Agung volcano.


It is no secret Egypt God Ptah was an earlier form of Hephaestus or Vulcan, again the volcano link is obvious.

If this is established we then can ask ourselves why we can see similar cultural links between temples, pyramids since these cultures are not related according to academic scholars and “just the easiest way to build a tall structure” The answer to why pyramids where build, besides, tombs for Pharaohs was never given, nor was any Pharaoh ever found in “their tomb”.

A symbolic memorial tomb however, as message to the future might explain the effort made if millions died in a catastrophic volcanic event in the past.

Besides having shown  in my Makara paper  clear cultural links across the pacific,  here again a interesting similarity appears, both religious constructions, a temple in Bali and a pyramid in Mexico, is clearly linked to the Volcano.. Is this another “coincidence” or does a picture start to appear.

I propose the vulture and the snake on the Tutankhamen death mask are the constellations Vega (Vulture Cadens) and Draco successive pole star constellations. Relations to Vega that even in modern times are related in our times in the US eagle, which I show in my other article on the bird man cult.

Questions arrise. Why was the worldwide bird cult so important?

Why was Vega a vulture, a bird of death and the ‘Pharaohs chicken’? Why we see a global “mount cult”.

I suspect a global volcanic cataclysm occurred in mans history that later gave rise to pyramid monuments worldwide and perhaps the memorial on Easter island as closed to an Atlantic mother continent perhaps, although that is mere speculation. Perhaps future excavations reveal more as there is a lot of soil deposited on the statues and the island as a whole.

Scientist have proven increased volcanic activity occurred due to less pressure on the mantle from melting ice in the last ice age. This would have triggered volcanic eruptions and tsunamis worldwide destroying civilizations and causing world death. A vulture would be the right image for Vega and basis for the bird and pyramid cult worldwide.

The bird on the mountain(Vega, vulture Cadens) and killing people on Mayan Pyramids might be what Mayan priest symbolically re-enacted dressed in bird costumes doing sacrifices. It might be why the priestess of Mu Egypt wore feathers from vultures. Mu the motherland.

Atlantis was the homeland of the Egyptians. My thesis is pyramids are volcano representations and a symbolic remnant of a destroyed motherland as memorial to their ancestors. Since in Egyptian pyramid is Mr, there is the Sudanese Meroe culture(meru), SU Meru means good meru. There is even a volcano named sumeru on Java. The Nile, Nila for bleu in sanskrit, the lotus flower, the cobra I suspect Egypt was a vedic colony. The oldest worship is Agni or fire altars, which would pretty much fit in with a volcano.

There is a book written on sundaland which might be a possible location of the motherland.

Atlantis was ‘beyond the pillars of hercules’ . What if this was not a physical location but a reference to a time. The only pillars of hercules in the sky is Ophiuchius, which gave rise to many storm deities after that including Viracocha. I even suspect the Samson story links to this. (pulling down the temple) specifically note the harp in the picture. That is Vega/Lyra I think.

Samson pulling down the temple.


What if the global pyramid cultures only started after leaving the (Asian vedic) motherland as remnant of the volcanic deluge and dispersed in direction of Ireland, Europe, Greece, Egypt, Peru and India and seeded the globe hence the similarities in culture and the globally seen staff deity for Ophiuchius, Orions (Hercules) exact 180 degree counterpart in the sky. Above him sits the ‘real’ Hercules again but Hercules occurs in multiple places in the zodiac, for example also one of the twins gemini.

Ophiuchius, in my opinion the storm God in any culture as staff or storm deity. See my article the universal religion.


Vega (in Lyra), the vulture (or harp) and Aquila the eagle are basis for the US eagle and the double headed eagle of freemason and Garuda, as described in my birdman article that links also to Easter island. To me a picture starts to form. Many names in tiuhanaco have sanskrit links. Kala (time) and Vira (man) cocha (mixed ancestry) are some of them. It would explain the similar reed boats found in Egypt, Indus Valley and lake titicaca Peru.

The arrow sagitta, near Vega, killed the cyclops or cyclopeans in Greek myth. The ‘Single eyes’ . Writer Richard Cassaro thought the cyclops where the bindi wearers.  This could then well be another reference to the Vedic Asian homeland destruction of the megalithic pre civilization.

There are stories how a single arrow with fire at its end(comet?) destroyed the 3 cities.  Perhaps a comet impact triggered the volcanos.


Quote: “The Danavas including Maya was present at the time Tripura was fuming!
The torment caused by Tripura was unbearable that  the Devas asked Shiva to kill him.
He did so by using a single arrow.
The killing of Tripura by Shiva was described as Tripura samhara.
The exact process of killing is described in the Sangam Tamil text called Paripadal
which is an exact description of the destruction caused by a Volcano.

Features of a Volcano

Paripadal – 5 says

“naaga naaNaa malai villaaka
moovagai, aareyil Orazal ambin muLiya”
(நாக நாணா மலை வில்லாக
மூவகை ஆரெயில் ஓரழல் அம்பின் முளிய)

Naaga – snake
naaNaa – as the string (of the bow)
malai – mountain
villaaka – as the bow
moovakai – 3 types
aareyil – walls (fortresses)
Orazal – a single streak of fire
ambin muLiya – at the end of an arrow – killed

That is,
Shiva killed Tripura with the mountain as the arrow and the snakes (mantle / magma) as the string, he blew the 3 fortresses of iron, silver and gold (molten material) by shooting a single arrow which has fire at its end.
The snakes – as we told before – personify the magma trying to come out.

This describes the sudden and powerful eruption of fire and mantle from inside the mountain (volcano) which resulted in the complete collapse of the volcano.”

Easter Island

It also might be represented by the statues on Easter Island, deliberately placed on a volcanic island to symbolize the destruction of mankind as a warning to the future, intended to be buried by the volcanic ash as a massive memorial and message to future mankind. Massive amounts of soil are covering the huge statues.

Researchers have found charcoal in the peat suggesting the islands vegetation was burned by its residents, I suspect the volcanoes actually did this (and buried the statues) and the statues where intentionally placed on a volcanic island in the pacific as a memorial to a deluge volcanic destruction. Further dating when the statues where placed and by whom and why there are megalithic walls similar to those in south America needs to be done by archaeologist. If we know the statues are so large, how deep does that wall go?

How deep does that wall go since the moais are so large?

This would be the first place I would excavate. Thor Heyerdale also found more walls on Easter Island.

And if statues are covered so deep under sand/ ash what more lies hidden on this island and where these statues intentionally so large to be able to withstand numerous eruptions before fully covered as a message to future mankind? Why did they not dig at the wall to see how deep it goes since only a head of a Moai sticks out there as well?

How long does it take to cover these statues so deep in soil. How many eruptions of the 3 nearby volcanoes or tsunamis? This should be easily answered if we see in which direction the statues have fallen, if it was eruptions or tsunami’s. In any case, The depth of the soil is huge, so what else is hidden on Easter Island..

Monuments rather than tombs or symbolic tombs warning future mankind of the worldwide catastrophe that killed so many. Hence perhaps Pyramids where never tombs yet symbolic tombs and a pending warning to mankind and Easter Island was also such a memorial to testify to such a deluge.

This is is my opinion the true reason why pyramids where build worldwide. Combined with later astronomy to mark a time in man’s history many thousands of years ago.

Obsidian, cinnabar are all related to volcanoes as their pyramids and early gods where.

What if the pyramid was a memorial, a symbolic Tomb of millions, due to worldwide volcanic eruptions, tsunamis and a total blackout of the skies combined with a scorching hole in the ozone layer in a downwards spiral effect. Is this why there are no mummies ever found in old pyramids as they where merely a symbolic “tomb” or memorial in the beginning.

Further more astronomy was practised, the priest dressed in bird feathers on top of pyramids sacrificing people could be an enactment of either their sky god bird / vulture / eagle Vega, killing people. Together with the volcano symbolism or being an re-enactment of their maize god constellation being “sacrificed” on top of the mountain. There is no difference to the Olympian gods on the mountain.

An interesting fact is that the mountain where Noahs’ arks landed, mount Ararat is also a twin peak strato volcano. The story of Noah was plagiarized by the church from older Sumerian and Indian accounts. (flood of Gilgamesh, flood of Manu,Utnapishtim etc

However it does shows a link between a volcano and a flood story. Again two volcanic mountains that look like natural pyramids.

Mount Ararat and the Araratian plain, seen early morning from near the city of Artashat in Armenia. On the center left can be seen the historic Khor Virap monastery.

The link of pyramids to the volcanoes as memorials to volcanic eruptions that created a deluge has, as far as I know never been published in this context and deserves further research.

A recent article on national geographic did point out also that pyramids could have been modelled to volcanos.

In general, Sheets said, volcanism was an integral part of ancient Maya life. Some of the temples in the highland Maya cities, for example, mimic sacred volcanoes. “The temple buildings have doorways in the tops, where they burned incense, and the rising smoke was used to carry various messages to ancestor spirits and the deities,” Sheets explained. But whether temples at Tikal—where no volcanoes were visible—and other lowland cities were similarly inspired is unclear.Volcanic eruptions also fit into the Maya worldview that life is full of phenomena that can be either hazards or opportunities, and that human behavior can tip the balance, Sheets said. For the Maya, a smoking volcano wasn’t always a harbinger of doom. Humans could turn its ash into a benefit, such as fertilizer or additives to strengthen pottery clay.

Study leader Tankersley emphasizes that the unpredictable mountains, too, were at the crux of Maya culture. “They built temples in the shapes of volcanoes, and their ceremonies replicate volcanic events,” he said.

“To the Maya, volcanoes were part of life—an essential part of their life.”


One could question if this was only for the Maya, or also for the Balinese, the Egyptians and many other cultures and if this cultural aspect of the volcano was related to a worldwide cataclysmic event instead that made them build pyramids modelled after volcanoes all over the world.

Mayan relief what appears to be an exploding volcano. Note the spear/arrow in relation to the earlier hindu tale. 

Teoberto Maler  was an Austrian-born photographer and archaeologist who discovered and photographed a frieze on the main Mayan temple at Tikal, in the Yucatan peninsula of Mexico, which appeared to depict a drowning man and another escaping from sinking land in a boat, while a volcano erupts in the background. Maler was convinced that this was an illustration of the destruction of Atlantis. Unfortunately, he had the frieze removed to the Berlin Museum where it was destroyed in the bombing of World War II.

In 1939, Robert Stacy-Judd included a photo of the frieze in the book “Atlantis mother of all empires”


This, combined with the other evidence presented and links to volcanoes, might be worth further research and considering the link between volcanoes and pyramids as a deep rooted message to future mankind that was the basis for a cult that came after such a deluge and might have been the basis for a global pyramid and temple mount culture.

A temple mount culture that later had the gods on top in form of constellations and resulted in our modern age “religion” of 1 god, the original message and warning and the reasons of the pyramids and Meru shaped temples, lost in time.

This research was published by Stijn van den Hoven  29 April 2018


*Update: 1 June 2018


I learned today that the megalithic site of Gunung Padang in Java also alligns to a stratovolcano.

I noticed Andrew Collins wrote about this specifically and I never saw the article until a recent video from megalithomania conference where he presented this info as well. It just adds to my theory that is presented in this article.

He also briefly mentions Vega to which I have said is the vulture stonevin gobleki tepi while he focused more on Cygnus before.

Again Vega makes an appearance for me in relation to the volcanoes.


From the article of Andrew Collins:

Quote: “Yet clearly visible beyond this hill when viewed from Gunung Padang is a double-peaked stratovolcano, which bears two names: Gunung Pangrango (its western peak, which rises to a height of 3,019 metres) and Gunung Gede (its eastern peak, which rises to a height of 2,958 metres). This lies at a distance of approximately 15 miles (24 miles) from the megalithic complex, clearly in view of the stone settings on all five terraces.”



Other than this I wondered if the site of candi Sukuh was related to volcanoes and indeed it was being build on a slope of a stratovolcano as well.

The 15th century temple of Candi Sukuh, on slopes of Gunung Lawu (strato volcano) , east of Solo, thought to be linked to fertiflity cult, island of Java, Indonesia, Southeast Asia, Asia.


I am still trying to find more sites and looking at the borobodur alignments as well.  To be continued.




El Salvador (under research)

Volcano of Agua
Volcán de Fuego Chi’gag (Mayan for “where the fire is”)
Pacaya volcano near Antigua

volcanoes of El Salvador

– The Izalco Volcano
– The Santa Ana Volcano the Santa Ana Volcano or “Ilamatepec Volcano” (lamatepec in dialect means mother mountain) being the biggest volcano of the area
the volcanic lake “Coatepeque”, cataloged amongst the most beautiful of the world.
– Cerro Verde Volcano
– San Miguel / Volcán Chaparrastique
– San Vicente (also known as Chichontepec or Las Chiches) is a stratovolcano in central El Salvador. It is located next to the town of San Vicente (hence the name) and is the second highest volcano in El Salvador. In the indigenous language Nahuat, Chichontepec means the mountain of the two breasts,because its double summit resembles a woman’s bosom.


Teopan Source:




When the Tehuacan Ecological Park was being built many old and very old pieces of ceramic and formed rock were found. Many of these are found in their viewing room – photos are in the gallery below. A IMG00881-20120802-1719swimming pool was excavated and when it was filled with water, it leaked out over several hours. The floor was examined, a hole was found. It was chipped away to create a hole big enough for persons to lower themselves in. They found a rock-lined tunnel – a tunnel going in the direction of the Tehuacan ruins, a tunnel that runs for who knows how many kilometers. They were not prepared to adequately and safely explore it so they sealed it up and re-filled the stream-fed swimming pool by diverting a stream that flows from a spring up the volcano.


Teopan – Ancestral Home of the Quiches

When the Mayan ancestors left Isla Tigre following the advent of the 3rd sun, marked by a triple star event in 8207 BCE, each of the four lineages went to an island, in order to be safe Teopan paisfrom their fierce enemy the Xibalbhans at Corinto cave who were afraid of water. [Click to enlarge map.] Two lineages remained to the east – the Lenca/Olmeca lineage at Lago Olomega (Teomeka) and the Zapotec lineage at the mouth of the Lempa River (Teoakan). The Quiche lineage and the Ch’orti’ lineage went to the west of El Salvador – the Quiches to Lago Coatepeque(Teopan) and the Ch’orti’s to Lago Güija (Teotipa).

IMG00956-20120805-0638All of the four destination regions are beautiful, but Lago Coatepeque and Teopan are spectacular.


“Joya de Cerén”: (The San Salvador Volcano (also known as El Boquerón) is a stratovolcano situated northwest to the city of San Salvador. The crater has been nearly filled with a relatively newer edifice, the Boquerón volcano.) the famous archaeological site known as “The Pompeii of the Americas”
and declared World Heritage by UNESCO in 1993 for its valuable contribution to daily life
of the ancestors of the Mayan World.

Then continue the tour and visit the ruins of “San Andrés”, a very important ceremonial and
political center that has several structures used by the governors of that civilization.
In this important site there are remains of an Indigo Mill that was buried by the eruption
of El Playon in 1658. Definitely a whole different experience!




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