Lepus, the hare, rooster and the easter bunny

Lepus, the Hare, was know as a rabbit chased by orions hunting dogs.

In older days it had the denomination of “the throne of  Jawzā”

Jawzā means “the central one” and was the older name for gemini. At some stage Orion became Jawzā.

Four stars of this constellation (α, β, γ, δ Lep) form a quadrilateral and are known as ‘Arsh al-Jawzā’, “the Throne of Jawzā'” or Kursiyy al-Jawzā’ al-Mu’akhkhar, “the Hindmost Chair of Jawzā'” and al-Nihāl, “the Camels Quenching Their Thirst” in Arabic.

Ultimately from an alteration of the Arabic يد الجوزا yad al-jawzā ‘hand of the central one’, from يد(hand) + جوزا(central one).

Jawzā, ‘the central one’, initially referred to Gemini among the Arabs, but at some point they decided to refer to Orion by that name. During the Middle Ages the first character of the name, yā’ (ي, with two dots under it), was misread as a bā’ (ب, with one dot under it) when transliterating into Latin, and Yad al-Jauza became Bedalgeuze. This was then misinterpreted during the Renaissance as deriving from a corruption of an original Arabic form إبط الجوزل ibt al-jawzā ‘armpit of the central one’.



This Hare constellation is the origin of the “easter bunny” The eggs fertility for spring.


It was also know as a “rooster” in babylonian times. They called it this because the constellation appeared before dawn, at the same time the Rooster crows

This is the “rooster” you see on churches:

Rooster (Lepus) The Rooster is the animal symbol belonging to the herald of the gods who appears in his human form in the adjacent figure known as the True Shepherd of Anu.

A Brief Guide to the Babylonian Constellations


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