Poseidon, Neptune, Nethus

Poseidon / Neptune


Has been called the “tamer of horses”.

The name of the sea-god Nethuns in Etruscan was adopted in Latin for Neptune in Roman mythology; both were sea gods analogous to Poseidon.

Linear B tablets show that Poseidon was venerated at Pylos and Thebes in pre-Olympian Bronze Age Greece as a chief deity,

In Etruscan mythology, Nethuns [1] was the god of wells, later expanded to all water, including the sea. The name “Nethuns” is likely cognate with that of the Celtic god Nechtan and the Persian and Vedic gods sharing the name Apam Napat, perhaps all based on the Proto-Indo-European word *népōts “nephew, grandson.” In this case, Etruscan may have borrowed the Umbrian name *Nehtuns, (Roman Neptune,[2] who was originally a god of water).

Nethuns is mentioned on the Piacenza liver, a third-century BCE bronze model of a sheep’s liver used for the divinatory rites called haruspicy, as Neθ, an abbreviation for his full name.[3] As a patron god his profile, wearing a ketos (sea monster) headdress, appears on a coin of Vetulonia,[4] circa 215 – 211 BCE; he is accompanied by his trident between two dolphins.[5]


but he was integrated into the Olympian gods as the brother of Zeus and Hades.

Apam Napat

Apam Napat is an eminent figure of the Indo-Iranian pantheon. In the Rig Veda, Apām Napāt is the supreme god of creation. Apam Napat created all existential beings (Rig Veda 2.35.2)[2] . In Zoroastrianism, Apąm Napāt is a divinity of water (water vapour) (see also Burz).

Apām Napāt in Sanskrit and Apąm Napāt in Avestan mean “son of waters” (see Ap (water)(liquid) and grandson of Apah (water)(solid) ). Sanskrit and Avestan napāt (“grandson”) are cognate to Latin nepōs and English nephew, but the name Apām Napāt has also been compared to Etruscan Nethuns and Celtic Nechtan and Roman Neptune[1]

In Yasht 19 of the Avesta Apąm Napāt appears as the Creator of mankind. Here, there is an evident link between the glory of sovereignty (Khvarenah) and Apąm Napāt who protects Khvarenah as the royal glory of Iranian kings. Apām Napāt is sometimes, for example in Rigveda book 2 hymn 35 verse 2, described as the supreme creator deity who originates in the cosmic waters (see: Agni). Apam Napat has a golden splendour and is said to be kindled by the cosmic waters.

The reference to fire may have originally referred to flames from natural gas or oil seepages surfacing through water, as in a fire temple at Surakhany near Baku in Azerbaijan (Jivanji Jamshedji Modi 1926).[dubious ] This Will-o’-the-wisp-like phenomenon would explain the otherwise puzzling concept of fire arising in water (fire and water being usually conceived of as opposing elements, with water the natural quencher of fire, rather than its engenderer). In this connection, there is a suggestive conjecture that the word “naphtha” came (via Greek, where it meant any sort of petroleum) from the name “Apam Napat”.[2][3]




  1. Dumézil,Georges, Mythe et Epopée I. II. III. Quarto Gallimard, pub. Éditions Gallimard 1995 ISBN 2-07-073656-3.

3 http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/rigveda/rv02035.htm


Burz[pronunciation?] is the middle Persian name for the Indo-Iranian divinity of waters. Burz is also known as Ahura Berezant in the texts of the Avesta, and also as Apam Napat in Avestan and Vedic Sanskrit. Burz is a Yazad (Avestan: Yazata) in Zoroastrianism and later Persian mythology.

Mary Boyce suggests that the proto-Iranian Apam Napat incorporated many of the features of a proto-Indo-Iranian equivalent of *vouruna, who in turn may be the Vouru-kaša (luminous ocean) of Persian mythology.

In Persian mythology, Apam Napat has also some military aspects and is said to keep rebellion in check.

Ahura Berezant / Varuna

Varuna (/ˈvɜːrʊnə, ˈvɑːrə/;[1] Sanskrit: Varuṇa वरुण, Malay: Baruna) is the Hindu god of water and the celestial ocean, as well as a god of law of the underwater world.

A Makara (Makara (Sanskrit: मकर) is a sea-creature in Hindu culture. It is generally depicted as half terrestrial animal in the frontal part (stag, deer, crocodile, or elephant) and half aquatic animal in the hind part (usually a fish or seal tail, though sometimes a peacock or even a floral tail is depicted.)

Makara take many different forms throughout Asia. In Hindu astrology, Makara is equivalent to the sign of Capricorn, tenth of the twelve symbols of the Zodiac. !! Relation to the seagoat/devil) is his mount?


His consort is the Hindu goddess Varuni.

Originally the chief god of the Vedic pantheon,

Varuna was replaced by Indra and later faded away with the ascendancy of Shiva and Vishnu.[2][3][4] Arjun is the son of Indra/ Varuna in the great epic Mahabharatha and it is believed that if we pray to him we would be protected from thunder and lightning.

Mitra and Varuna are two deities (devas) frequently referred to in the ancient Indian scripture of the Rigveda.[1] They are both considered Ādityas, or deities connected with the Sun; and they are protectors of the righteous order of rta. Their connection is so close that they are frequently linked in the dvandva compound Mitra–Varuna.

Mitra (Vedic)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the Vedic deity Mitra. For other divinities with similar names, see Mitra.
oath, friendship, (eye of, light of) the morning sun
Devanagari मित्र
Sanskrit transliteration mitrá

Mitra (SanskritMitrá) is a divinity of Indic culture, whose function changed with time. In the Mitanni inscription, Mitra is invoked as one of the protectors of treaties. In the Rigveda, Mitra appears primarily in the dvandva compound Mitra-Varuna, which has essentially the same attributes as Varuna alone,[1] e.g. as the principal guardian of ṛtá “Truth, Order”, breaches of which are punished. In the late Vedic texts and the Brahmanas,

Mitra is increasingly associated with the light of dawn and the morning sun (while Varuna becomes associated with the evening, and ultimately the night).

So this brings us to this duality


Zeus, Jupiter, Perun, Thor, and Odin (Wotan).


Indra’s heavenly home is on or near Mount Meru (also called Sumeru).[10][16]



The pitchfork of the devil and hades/poseidon are the same.

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