Shatapatha Brahmana

 

yasya pucchāgre ’vākśirasaḥ kuṇḍalī-bhūta-dehasya dhruva upakalpitas tasya lāṅgūle prajāpatir agnir indro dharma iti puccha-mūle dhātā vidhātā ca kaṭyāṁ saptarṣayaḥ; tasya dakṣiṇāvarta-kuṇḍalī-bhūta-śarīrasya yāny udagayanāni dakṣiṇa-pārśve tu nakṣatrāṇy upakalpayanti dakṣiṇāyanāni tu savye; yathā śiśumārasya kuṇḍalā-bhoga-sanniveśasya pārśvayor ubhayor apy avayavāḥ samasaṅkhyā bhavanti; pṛṣṭhe tv ajavīthī ākāśa-gaṅgā codarataḥ.

SYNONYMS

yasya—of which; pucchaagre—at the end of the tail; avākśirasaḥ—whose head is downward; kuṇḍalībhūtadehasya—whose body, which is coiled; dhruvaḥMahārāja Dhruva on his planet, the polestar; upakalpitaḥ—is situated; tasya—of that; lāṅgūle—on the tail; prajāpatiḥ—of the name Prajāpati; agniḥAgni; indraḥIndra; dharmaḥDharma; iti—thus; pucchamūle—at the base of the tail; dhātā vidhātā—the demigods known as Dhātā and Vidhātā; ca—also; kaṭyām—on the hip; saptaṛṣayaḥ—the seven saintly sages; tasya—of that; dakṣiṇaāvartakuṇḍalībhūtaśarīrasya—whose body is like a coil turning toward the right side; yāni—which; udagayanāni—marking the northern courses; dakṣiṇapārśve—on the right side; tu—but; nakṣatrāṇi—constellations; upakalpayanti—are situated; dakṣiṇaāyanāni—the fourteen stars, from Puṣyā to Uttarāṣāḍhā, marking the northern course; tu—but; savye—on the left side; yathā—just like; śiśumārasya—of the dolphin; kuṇḍalābhogasanniveśasya—whose body appears like a coil; pārśvayoḥ—on the sides; ubhayoḥ—both; api—certainly; avayavāḥ—the limbs; samasaṅkhyāḥ—of equal number (fourteen); bhavanti—are; pṛṣṭhe—on the back; tu—of course; ajavīthī—the first three stars marking the southern route (Mūlā, Pūrvaṣāḍhā and Uttarāṣāḍhā); ākāśagaṅgā—the Ganges in the sky (the Milky Way); ca—also; udarataḥ—on the abdomen.

TRANSLATION

This form of the śiśumāra has its head downward and its body coiled. On the end of its tail is the planet of Dhruva, on the body of its tail are the planets of the demigods Prajāpati, Agni, Indra and Dharma, and at the base of its tail are the planets of the demigods Dhātā and Vidhātā. Where the hips might be on the śiśumāra are the seven saintly sages like Vasiṣṭha and Aṅgirā. The coiled body of the Śiśumāra-cakra turns toward its right side, on which the fourteen constellations from Abhijit to Punarvasu are located. On its left side are the fourteen stars from Puṣyā to Uttarāṣāḍhā. Thus its body is balanced because its sides are occupied by an equal number of stars. On the back of the śiśumāra is the group of stars known as Ajavīthī, and on its abdomen is the Ganges that flows in the sky [the Milky Way].

Link to this page: https://prabhupadabooks.com/sb/5/23/5

 

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The Shatapatha Brahmana of Madhyandina School was translated into English by Julius Eggeling, in the late 19th century, in 5 volumes published as part of the Sacred Books of the East series.

The English translation of Kanva School was done by W.E. Caland in 3 parts.

It also adresses the floodmyth of MANU (pre noah)

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Translation /interpretation by Stijn van den Hoven:

The sacred Hindu text Shatpatha Brhamana mentions an idea of a mythical planetary system called Shishumara. It is described as “having its head downward and its body coiled. On the end of its tail is the planet of Dhruva (polestar at little dipper),

On the body of its tail are the planets of demigods Prajapati(uranus) Agni (sun), Indra(jupiter) and Dharma, [??] and at the base of its tail are the planets of the demigods Dhata (Mars?) and Vidhata.[Venus?]

Where the hips might be on the Shishumara are the seven saintly sages like Vasinora and Aigira.(big dipper?)

The coiled body of the Shishumar-cakra turns toward its right side, on which the fourteen constellations from Abhijit(lyra/vega) to Punarvasu(gemini) are located. On its left side are the fourteen stars from Punya (?) to Uttaranoaha.(?) Thus its body is balanced because its sides are occupied by an equal number of stars. (28 lunar mansions)

On the back of the Shishumara is a group of stars known as the Ajavethe [??], and on its abdomen is the Ganges that flows into the sky [the Milky Way].”

The Sacred Books of the East Series  – Julius Eggeling

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