Softening Stone with Plant Extracts

Excerpt From eBook:
 
Maxwell Igan / Earths forbidden secrets / part one / searching for the past
https://archive.org/details/pdfy-1AdTx1VZvlVNbBQ_
http://thecrowhouse.com/who.html
 
Amazingly, a recent ethnological discovery has actually shown that some witch-doctors of the HUANKA (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huanca_people) tradition remarkably, use no tools in the making of small stone objects, but in fact still use a chemical solution
made from plant extracts to actually soften the stone material!
According to Dr. Davidovits (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Davidovits), in a paper
that was written by Dr. Joseph Davidovits (and coauthor francisco Aliaga)
 
Francisco Aliaga Collection. A Peruvian Ethnologist living in France , he is the author of Rythmes noirs du Pérou and La vie quotidienne des Indiens au Pérou , among other works. His collection includes traditional music recorded while he traveling throughout the Mantaro valley.
A. Bonnett and A.M. Marriote
Lab. de Pharmacognosie, Univ. de Grenobe I
33 700 LA TRONCHE, FRANCE.
and presented at the 21st International Symposium for Archaeometry at Brookhaven National Laboratory in New York, USA in 1981:
 
“The starting stone material (silicate or silico-aluminate) is dissolved by the organic extracts, and the viscous slurry is then poured into a mould where it hardens. This technique, when mastered, allows a sort of cement to be made by dissolving rocks; statues which could have been made by the technique of the pre-incan HUANKA, by dissolution followed by geopolymeric agglomeration, are found to contain Ca-oxalate in the stone.”
 
The trio then proposed the hypothesis that the large stones in found in the Mayan Fortresses and monuments were in reality, artificial and had in fact been agglomerated with a binder after certain rocks had been slowly disaggregated, an idea that fits very well with what the walls look like and also happens to be in total agreement with local legends and traditions such as those that were told to Fawcett.
 
The group then even went on to present to the meeting some actual samples of stone that had dissolved and re-aggregated themselves to prove it!
 
“We present here the first results on plant extracts on the dissolution or dis-aggregation of calcium carbonate containing rocks (Bio-tooling action). The feasibility of chemically working calcium carbonate with various carboxylic acids found in plants (acetic, oxalic and citric acid) has been studied. Maximum bio-tooling action is obtained with a solution containing:
 
Vinegar (1 M) (acetic acid)
Oxalic acid (0.9 M)
Citric acid (0.78 M)
 
The great surprise was actually to discover very ancient references to their use since Neolithic times for working materials which are very hard but easily attacked by acids, such as chalk. Thus, a bas-relief from the tomb of Mera, at
SAQQARAH (VI dynasty, 3Millenium B.C., Egypt) shows the hollowing out of “Egyptian alabaster” (CaCO3) vases by a liquid contained in a waterskin or bladder. An experiment of interest was to compare the “bio-tooling” technique with the shaping of a hole using a steel tool and the quartz sand technique recommended by pre-historians.
 
The hole resulting from sand abrasion has rough walls, whereas bio-tooling gives a smooth finish.”
 
The work by Dr. Davidovits is nothing short of brilliant and also very refreshing. It’s also interesting to note how quickly the problem was solved once the right approach to dealing with it
had been adapted.
 
There is now very little doubt about how the Ancients actually built these incredible structures and indeed, softened or perhaps melting the stone has always really been the only possible explanation. The ancient Mayans were indeed quite capable of producing very large quantities of the acids that were used by Dr Davidovits in his experiments from many plants that were quite common to the region in the distant past.
 
Plants such as: Fruits, Potatoes, Maize, Rhubarb, Rumex, Agave Americana, Opuntia, Ficus
Indica and Garlic to name a few.
 
It is highly feasible that the stones were quarried, then broken or crushed to manageable sizes for transportation to the locations and re-aggreg ated on site while being cast back into the megalithic slabs we now see, after all, since we have seen that they certainly had and knew about the means to do it, it somehow seems absurd to
think they would not have made use of the knowledge.
This particular paper can bed downloaded here:
A locally mirrored copy is available here:

h20

“I had an HHO on my 99.5 Jetta TDI, with the right electrolyte……………..simple baking soda was fine………….the thing had more bubbles than the Canadian Real Estate market.”

Water electrolysis requires either:

a: high voltage(that can be done with pure water)
b. Low voltage with added electrolyte. (example baking soda)

  1. no sodium was added to the water
  2. two cylinders need a 3.8inch gap
  3. bubbler and backfire arrestor

Hydrogen is produced in double the amount of oxygen. With modified machinery one can cook and run a generator on this.

Mike kalogerakis, village outside of heraklion of krete managed to seperate oxygen and hydrogen using a special shaped hydrogenerator without the need of expensive filters.

 

Scientists have invented the strongest and lightest material on Earth

Note: diamonds are so hard due to their geometric triangular arrangement on a molecular level.

For years, researchers have known that carbon, when arranged in a certain way, can be very strong. Case in point: graphene. Graphene, which was heretofore, the strongest material known to man, is made from an extremely thin sheet of carbon atoms arranged in two dimensions.

But there’s one drawback: while notable for its thinness and unique electrical properties, it’s very difficult to create useful, three-dimensional materials out of graphene.

Now, a team of MIT researchers discovered that taking small flakes of graphene and fusing them following a mesh-like structure not only retains the material’s strength, but the graphene also remains porous.

Based on experiments conducted on 3D printed models, researchers have determined that this new material, with its distinct geometry, is actually stronger than graphene – making it 10 times stronger than steel, with only 5 percent of its density.

The discovery of a material that is extremely strong but exceptionally lightweight will have numerous applications.

As MIT reports:

“The new findings show that the crucial aspect of the new 3-D forms has more to do with their unusual geometrical configuration than with the material itself, which suggests that similar strong, lightweight materials could be made from a variety of materials by creating similar geometric features.”

Below you can see a simulation results of compression (top left and i) and tensile (bottom left and ii) tests on 3D graphene:

Credit: Zhao Qin

“You could either use the real graphene material or use the geometry we discovered with other materials, like polymers or metals,” says Markus Buehler, head of MIT’s Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering (CEE), and the McAfee Professor of Engineering.

“You can replace the material itself with anything. The geometry is the dominant factor. It’s something that has the potential to transfer to many things.”

Large scale structural projects, such as bridges, can follow the geometry to ensure that the structure is strong and sound.

Construction may prove to be easier, given that the material used will now be significantly lighter. Because of its porous nature, it may also be applied to filtration systems.

This research, says Huajian Gao, a professor of engineering at Brown University, who was not involved in this work, “shows a promising direction of bringing the strength of 2D materials and the power of material architecture design together”.

 

Sources: http://www.sciencealert.com/mit-has-unveiled-new-material-that-s-the-strongest-and-lightest-on-earth?utm_source=Facebook&utm_medium=Branded%2520Content&utm_campaign=ScienceDump

This article was originally published by Futurism. Read the original article.

Acids

Dolomite (Ca,Mg)(CO3)2 is another commonly encountered carbonate mineral. If you place one drop of cold hydrochloric acid on a piece of dolomite the reaction is weak or not observed. Instead of seeing an obvious fizz, you will see a drop of acid on the surface of the mineral that might have a few bubbles of carbon dioxide gas slowly growing on the dolomite surface.
 
However, if warm acid is placed on dolomite an obvious fizz will occur. This occurs because the acid and rock react more vigorously at higher temperatures.
 

Rock cut caves and temples in india

Elora Caves / Kailasa Temple

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ellora_Caves

Ajanta Caves

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ajanta_Caves

 

Elephanta Caves
Gharapuri, India

GRID COORDINATES: WGS84; 18° 57′ 30″ N, 72° 55′ 50″ E
Or: 18.958333, 72.930556
Elephanta Caves:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elephanta_Caves
http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/244
Videos:
Elephanta Caves – India:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JCcSYOowrxg

This resembles rock crafted art like Lalibella churches in Ethiopia.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lalibela

Stone softening

Legends also tell of how the edges of the stones would be rubbed with the juice of a special plant which would soften the stone like clay and thus perfect the joint. To think that simply because we have not yet located the small crimson plant Fawcett spoke of in the myriad of unknown species that have yet to be discovered in the Amazon jungle certainly does not mean that such a plant does not exist. To rule something out completely because it has been found yet would be nothing short of foolhardy, with such an attitude we would never have
discovered electricity, that’s a given. One of the more unfortunate things in the dilemma though, is that time is fast running out. We
may now never find any such plant. Not now that the main Amazon basin has been ruined by American oil interests and the remaining forests are still being destroyed at the rate of at least 3 football fields a day. It’s almost like they’re trying to make sure all evidence of such a thing is destroyed. But then, one should never attribute an action to malice when it can be adequately explained by stupidity. Though, when one is considering the actions, motives and attitudes of
modern governments, unfortunately it’s usually the former. Such a plant may have already become a victim of industry, lost forever in the technological crunch.

Herb to soften stone (Evidence of stone softening in India)

This video was translated by the Kannada institute by request of myself Stijn van den Hoven. It is same story as Peru, that there was a liquid, plant to soften rocks. In My makara research paper I made links between india and peru so am not surprised this was known on both continents and thus how they could build such exquisite temple carvings and structures.

Karnataka state – Hangal
Shripad S Akkivalli – from the horticulture department

Shripad mentions that these stones are sculpted as though it were wax. He says that there are many theories to how stones were shaped. One theory he heard from his father about a plant which softened stone.  Shripad believes that a plant exists or existed which sculptors of ancient India used to soften stones so that they could create works of art which we
see today in thousands of temples.

Literal translation whats is said in video : (Local kannada language)

“One day when his father was crossing a river with few people, suddenly a person appears. He brings the herbs from a field and scrubs on rough surfaced stone that his father and other people are carrying.

As the person who bought herb scrubs on the stone, it becomes smooth, soft and shining. So his father enquirer about the herb, it’s name and where it is grown but the man did not reveal the information.”

So the jist of story is that there are herbs which softens the stone.

 

 

 

http://karnatakatravel.blogspot.co.uk/2011/09/hangal-fort-and-billeshwara-temple.html

http://journeys-temple.blogspot.co.uk/2011/09/hangal-fort-and-billeshwara-temple.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hangal
http://www.hanagaltown.mrc.gov.in/node/187
http://journeys-temple.blogspot.co.uk/2011/09/hangal-fort-and-billeshwara-temple.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hangal
http://www.hanagaltown.mrc.gov.in/node/187

Paleomagnetism Research suggests great pyramid stones are cast.

A study indicates that the great pyramids stones where cast based on paleomagnetism research:

https://www.geopolymer.org/archaeology/pyramids/paleomagnetism-study-supports-pyramid-geopolymer-stone-2/

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleomagnetism

Imhotep formula to make limestone blocks

https://geopolymerhouses.wordpress.com/2011/07/08/imhotep%E2%80%99s-formula-to-make-limestone-blocks/

 

 

 

Image result

https://books.google.co.uk/books/about/Encyclopedia_of_Geomagnetism_and_Paleoma.html?id=O-wA0ocxAiIC&source=kp_cover&redir_esc=y

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 Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-level undergraduates through professionals/practitioners.” (L. Joseph, CHOICE, Vol. 45 (6), 2008)”This new Encyclopedia 
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 Numerous diagrams, pictures, tables, formulas, and mathematical equations provide clarity to the discussions. A detailed 44-page subject index and a series of color plates, mostly magnetic field maps, appear at the end of the volume. 
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 In the main this book is for those specialising in geophysics 
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Geopolymer Book

Geopolymers: Structures, Processing, Properties and Industrial Applications (Woodhead Publishing Series in Civil and Structural Engineering) Hardcover – 22 Jun 2009

 

https://www.amazon.co.uk/Geopolymers-Structures-Processing-Applications-Engineering/dp/184569449X/ref=sr_1_1_twi_har_2?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1484117615&sr=1-1&keywords=9781845696382

A geopolymer is a solid aluminosilicate material usually formed by alkali hydroxide or alkali silicate activation of a solid precursor such as coal fly ash, calcined clay and/or metallurgical slag. Today the primary application of geopolymer technology is in the development of reduced-CO2 construction materials as an alternative to Portland-based cements. Geopolymers: structure, processing, properties and industrial applications reviews the latest research on and applications of these highly important materials.

Part one discusses the synthesis and characterisation of geopolymers with chapters on topics such as fly ash chemistry and inorganic polymer cements, geopolymer precursor design, nanostructure/microstructure of metakaolin and fly ash geopolymers, and geopolymer synthesis kinetics. Part two reviews the manufacture and properties of geopolymers including accelerated ageing of geopolymers, chemical durability, engineering properties of geopolymer concrete, producing fire and heat-resistant geopolymers, utilisation of mining wastes and thermal properties of geopolymers. Part three covers applications of geopolymers with coverage of topics such as commercialisation of geopolymers for construction, as well as applications in waste management.

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