Osireion Abydos

As it was found: A snapshot back in time like it was just found.  http://staging.doaks.org/library-archives/icfa/icfa_img/exhibits_img/thomas_whittemore_exhibit/abydos

Egypt Exploration Society excavations at Abydos, Egypt, c. 1910s-1920s
Egypt Exploration Society excavations at Abydos, Egypt, 1920s

After the cleanup
Osireion today, full of water
An older picture
Immediately behind, to the south and set much lower, is another
structure, of uncertain function. Frankfort (1933), who excavated it,
called it a “Cenotaph of Seti”, but today it is usually referred as an
Osireion (Figure 10:3). The entrance was via a long passage from the north-west; there seems to have been no way in from the Memnonion, though the main staircase in the Memnonion would have led out into the area of ground above it. Inside was a chamber with a central area, perhaps meant to represent the primeval mound, surrounded by a channel of water. Strabo (XVII.42) seems to have interpreted it as a well.
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SEA CLIFF NEWS, SATURDAY [AUGUST l4,1915
 
ANCIENT EGYPTIAN BUILDING
DISCOVERED BY EXPLORER.
 
Vast Underground Edifice, Described In Earliest Writings Extant revealed Through Explorations Made by Scientist.
 
Professor Naville has just discovered what he believes to be the most ancient building extant In Egypt The professor believes that he has discovered the place mentioned by Strabo,
who calls It the well, or fountain, of Abydos. “Below the Memnonium[1].” says that ancient writer, “is a spring reached by passages with low vaults consisting of a single stone and distinguished for their extent and mode of construction. This spring is connected with the Nile by a canal which
flows through a grove of Egyptian thorn acacias. Sacred to Apollo.”
The vast underground edifice, to which the excavators first penetrated on February 13, is termed by its discoverer a reservoir, remarks the Indianapolis News. It Is some ninety feet long by sixty feet aide and surrounded by a wall eighteen feet thick.
The construction of the building Is of the cyclopean order, blocks of stone of enormous size being piled one on top
of the other. A canal runs right around the building under a roof sup-
ported by enormous pillars of granite, with a narrow stone towing path along the sides The center of the construction seems to have been a sort of Island, reached possibly by a wooden
bridge from the pathway. The professor states: “We have still
no certain indication of the date of Its construction; but the style, the size of the materials used and the complete absence of all ornamentation all Indicate a very great antiquity. Up
to now the temple of the Sphinx at Gizeh has always been considered the most ancient edifice In Egypt It Is contemporary with the pyramid of Chefren. The reservoir of Abydos, of a wholly analogous construction, but built of very much vaster material,
has a character still more archaic. I should not be surprised If It were the most ancient piece of architectural work extant In Egypt. The pyramids are possibly of the same age, but a pyramid Is only a mass of stones, and would not require so complicated a
plan as the reservoir.
“If we have before us the most ancient Egyptian building which has
been preserved, It is curious that it is neither temple nor tomb, but a reservoir, a great hydraulic piece of work.
That shows us that these ancient peoples knew very well the movement of subterranean Waters and the laws
which govern their rise and fall. It is quite probable that this reservoir
played some part in the cult of Osiris.
 
The cells along its sides are possibly those that appear In the Book of the Dead;
 
It is also possible that the waters were held to have curative qualities and that they were used by sick persons who came thither to seek a
cure.
It may he that sometimes the boat of Osiris floated on the waters of
the reservoir, hauled by priests on the path that runs along the side; for the bark of the SUN, as one sees It depicted in the tombs of kings, Journeys always at the end of a towline. Who would
have thought a few months ago that thirty feet below the earth one would be able to see a building such as this, which surpasses in grandeur the most collosal of cyclopean edifices?”
 
Source: http://fultonhistory.com/Newspapers%2021/Sea%20Cliff%20NY%20News/Sea%20Cliff%20NY%20News%20%201914-1917/Sea%20Cliff%20NY%20News%20%201914-1917%20-%200152.pdf
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[1] Memnonium (Strabo):
 
Three monuments in Egypt described by Strabo (XVII.42) as a Memnonium:
 
1. one at Crocodilopolis (the Labyrinth)
2. one at Abydos (Temple of Seti I)
3. Thebes (Temple of Amenhotep III – Ramesseum – Temple of Seti I)
 
Memnonium, name used by travelers and visitors to Thebes for the ruins of the Ramesseum around 1750-1850 (including variants like Temple of Memnon or Memnonia). Memnon is of further relevance to: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colossi_of_Memnon
 
There are other interesting relation to memnon, even from scandinavic countries. Memnon father of Thor. Interesting here is that its about 12 kings just like the egyptian labyrinth.
 
In the Prologue of Snorri Sturluson’s Prose Edda, Memnon is cited as the father of the Germanic God Thor.
 
Near the earth’s centre was made that goodliest of homes and haunts that ever have been, which is called Troy, even that which we call Turkland. This abode was much more gloriously made than others, and fashioned with more skill of craftsmanship in manifold wise, both in luxury and in the wealth which was there in abundance. There were twelve kingdoms and one High King, and many sovereignties belonged to each kingdom; in the stronghold were twelve chieftains. These chieftains were in every manly part greatly above other men that have ever been in the world. One king among them was called Múnón or Mennón; and he was wedded to the daughter of the High King Priam, her who was called Tróán; they had a child named Trór, whom we call Thor.
 

Further Academia.edu Research papers

https://www.academia.edu/14430014/A_NEW_ARCHAIC_PERIOD_CEMETERY_AT_ABYDOS

https://www.academia.edu/5301357/The_Osireion_A_very_early_but_one_of_the_most_detailed_studies_on_famous_pre_dynastic_site_of_Osirion_at_Abydos_MARGARET_A._MURRAY

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