My research on time in relation to polestars and time.
this diagram above needs work as not accurate. its an attempt to display the celestial equator in a respective age.
The “Age of Taurus,” lasting from around 4,000 to 2,000 B.C.,
Display of the celestial equator in equinoxes. Precisely the constellations represented in the Mithraic tauroctony.
The celestial equator passed through
- Scorpio the Scorpion (the autumn equinox):
- Taurus the Bull (the spring equinox of that epoch)
- Canis Minor the Dog
- Hydra the Snake, Corvus the Raven
by David Ulansey
The Origins of the Mithraic Mysteries
(Oxford University Press, 1991)
The celestial equator is a great circle on the imaginary celestial sphere, in the same plane as the Earth‘s equator. In other words, it is a projection of the terrestrial equator out into space. As a result of the Earth’s axial tilt, the celestial equator is inclined by 23.4° with respect to the ecliptic plane.
An observer standing on the Earth’s equator visualizes the celestial equator as a semicircle passing directly overhead through the zenith. As the observer moves north (or south), the celestial equator tilts towards the opposite horizon. The celestial equator is defined to be infinitely distant (since it is on the celestial sphere); thus the observer always sees the ends of the semicircle disappear over the horizon exactly due east and due west, regardless of the observer’s position on Earth. (At the poles, though, the celestial equator would be parallel to the horizon.) At all latitudes the celestial equator appears perfectly straight because the observer is only finitely far from the plane of the celestial equator but infinitely far from the celestial equator itself.
Celestial objects near the celestial equator are visible worldwide, but they culminate the highest in the sky in the tropics. The celestial equator currently passes through these constellations: